Pakistan is a South Asian nation bordered by India, China, Iran, and Afghanistan. It has coastlines on the Gulf of Oman and the Arabian Sea.
Brief History of Pakistan
The area that is now Pakistan hosted several advanced ancient cultures. Later, the region was part of many powerful empires and dynasties like the Gupta Empire, Mongol Empire, Mughal Empire, and others. Prior to the creation of the independent state of Pakistan, it was under the control of the British. It is the only country that was created in the name of Islam. Pakistan was established in 1947 after separating from India under the influence of the Pakistan Movement led by Jinnah. The constitution of the country was adopted in 1956. Although initially, the territory of Pakistan also included present-day Bangladesh, the latter country earned its independence in 1971.
History of the National Flag of Pakistan
The design of the national flag of Pakistan is based on the flag of the All-India Muslim League, a body that fought for the creation of an Islamic state. The flag of this body was, in turn, designed on the basis of the flag of the Sultanate of Delhi, Mughal Empire, and the Ottoman Empire. Amiruddin Kidwai designed the flag. It was officially adopted as the national flag of Pakistan on August 11, 1947. The flag is flown in the country on several important days like the Independence Day and the Republic Day. A notable ceremony involving the raising of the Pakistani flag is held daily at the Wagah border which is an India-Pakistan border. The flag of India is also raised across the border. This ceremony is attended by thousands of spectators including both domestic and international tourists.
Design of Pakistan’s Flag
The flag of Pakistan has a green field with a vertical stripe on the hoist side of the flag. The green field features a white star and a crescent.
Meaning of the Colors and Symbols of the Flag of Pakistan
Since Pakistan is a country with Islam as the dominant religion of the vast majority of the country, the green color in the flag represents Islam. The white stripe represents the minority religions and their followers in Pakistan. The crescent is a symbol of progress and the star symbolizes light. Both these features are important in Islam. The flag as a whole is said to represent the country’s commitment to Islam while protecting the rights of the religious minorities residing in the country.