Spain is a country of diverse beauty and tourist attractions. Its climate, geographical location, the coastline, historical sites, natural beauty, diverse culture, modern infrastructure, and excellent people make it one of the most preferred destinations in the world. Spain’s international tourism has grown in the last five decades become the world’s second largest regarding Spain has 45 UNESCO World Heritage Sites for their natural beauty and cultural significance. These heritage sites have played a significant role in promoting tourism in the country. Here are some of the Spain’s stunning UNESCO World Heritage Sites;
UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Spain
Alhambra, Generalife, And Albayzín, Granada
The three sites signify the influence of Moorish influence in the southern part of Spain. Alhambra is a fortress which was constructed in 889 AD and renovated in the 13th century by the Moorish. It is a reflection of the Muslim culture of the previous centuries. The site is a place where the artists took refuge as the Reconquista. The site is characterized by the integration of both natural sites and constructed structure. The Generalife was a palace of King Nasrid Emirs of the Emirates. It was built in 1302 and consists of a water garden. The Albayzin is a district in Granada that was populated in the Iberian period but was later abandoned at the end of the Roman Empire until the founding of Zirid Kingdom. It is a center for Muslim culture in Granada and contains Moorish vernacular architecture. The three sites were included in the UNESCO World Heritage Sites list in 1984.
Antequera Dolmens Site
Antequera Dolmens Site is a cultural heritage site comprising of three cultural and two natural monuments; Dolmen of Viera, Beehive tomb of El Romeral, and Dolmen of Menga, Pena de los Enamorados, and El Torcal, the latter two being natural monuments. The site was incorporated into the UNESCO World Heritage List in 2016, and it is under the management of the Archeological Complex Dolmens of Antequera.
Aranjuez Cultural Landscape
Aranjuez Cultural Landscape is the capital of Les Vegas Comarca and it is sometimes referred to as the Royal Site of Aranjuez. The city is located at the confluence of Jarama and Tagus Rivers, 42 kilometers south of the Community of Madrid. It is made up of the Royal Estate of the Crown of Spain which was established in 1560 by Philip II and was exclusively occupied by the kings and the nobility. The Aranjuez Cultural Landscape was listed a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2001.
Archaeological Ensemble Of Mérida
The Archaeological Ensemble of Mérida was founded in 25 BC by Augusto during the conquest of North of Hispania. The Colony of Augusto Emerita assumed the model of Rome and functioned as the capital of the Diocese of Hispania and a temporary Royal seat of both the Suebi and the Visigoths. Although the modern city of Merida is built on top of Emerita, the archeological remains are preserved as an evidence of the Roman City. The remains consist of 22 components including entertainment building, public architecture, provincial forum, engineering works, and religious buildings. Archaeological Ensemble of Mérida is also a learning ground because of its remarkable condition. The site was included in the UNESCO World Heritage list in 1993.
Spain’s Natural Sites
Spain’s natural sites which have been listed by the UNESCO as World Heritage Sites include Garajonay National Park (1986), Doñana National Park (1994), and Teide National Park (2007). Mont Perdu in the Pyrénées is a blend of both cultural and natural site and was listed in 1997.
Are There Any World Heritage Sites in Spain?
Spain is one of the most well represented nations on the UNESCO list, to date having 45 World Heritage Sites inscribed. They include the Alhambra and the historic city of Toledo.
UNESCO World Heritage Sites In Spain
|UNESCO World Heritage Sites In Spain||Year of Inscription; Type|
|Alhambra, Generalife and Albayzín, Granada||1984; Cultural|
|Antequera Dolmens Site||2016; Cultural|
|Aranjuez Cultural Landscape||2001; Cultural|
|Archaeological Ensemble of Mérida||1993; Cultural|
|Archaeological Ensemble of Tárraco||2000; Cultural|
|Archaeological Site of Atapuerca||2000; Cultural|
|Architectural Works of Antoni Gaudí||1984; Cultural|
|Burgos Cathedral||1984; Cultural|
|Catalan Romanesque Churches of the Vall de Boí||2000; Cultural|
|Cathedral, Alcázar and Archivo de Indias in Seville||1987; Cultural|
|Cave of Altamira and Paleolithic Cave Art of Northern Spain||1985; Cultural|
|Cultural Landscape of the Serra de Tramuntana||2011; Cultural|
|Doñana National Park||1994; Natural|
|Garajonay National Park||1986; Natural|
|Heritage of Mercury. Almadén and Idrija||2012; Cultural|
|Historic Center of Cordoba||1984; Cultural|
|Historic City of Toledo||(1986; Cultural|
|Historic Walled Town of Cuenca||1996; Cultural|
|Ibiza Biodiversity and Culture||1999; Mixed|
|La Lonja de la Seda de Valencia||1996; Cultural|
|Las Médulas||1997; Cultural|
|Monastery and Site of the Escurial, Madrid||1984; Cultural|
|Mont Perdu in the Pyrénées||1997; Mixed|
|Monuments of Oviedo and the Kingdom of the Asturias||1985; Cultural|
|Mudejar Architecture of Aragon||1986; Cultural|
|Old City of Salamanca||1988; Cultural|
|Old Town of Ávila with its Extra-Muros Churches||1985; Cultural|
|Old Town of Cáceres||1986; Cultural|
|Old Town of Santiago de Compostela||1985; Cultural|
|Old Town of Segovia and its Aqueduct||1985; Cultural|
|Palau de la Música Catalana and Hospital de Sant Pau, Barcelona||1997; Cultural|
|Palmeral of Elche||2000; Cultural|
|Poblet Monastery||1991; Cultural|
|Prehistoric Rock Art Sites in the Côa Valley and Siega Verde||1998; Cultural|
|Renaissance Monumental Ensembles of Úbeda and Baeza||2003; Cultural|
|Rock Art of the Mediterranean Basin on the Iberian Peninsula||1998; Cultural|
|Roman Walls of Lugo||2000; Cultural|
|Routes of Santiago de Compostela: Camino Francés and Routes of Northern Spain||1993; Cultural|
|Royal Monastery of Santa María de Guadalupe||1993; Cultural|
|San Cristóbal de La Laguna||1999; Cultural|
|San Millán Yuso and Suso Monasteries||1997; Cultural|
|Teide National Park||2007; Natural|
|Tower of Hercules||2009; Cultural|
|University and Historic Precinct of Alcalá de Henares||1998; Cultural|
|Vizcaya Bridge||2006; Cultural|
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