Food drying is a mechanism people use to preserve food. The process involves removal of all the water in the vegetables through evaporators, use of electric food driers and food freezers. Vegetable drying dates from back to ancient times to as early as 12000 BCE in countries like the Middle East, Europe, and Asia. Initially, native methods were used to dry foods like the use of sunlight, home ovens and by use of salt but with the evolution of technology, more advanced methods are now being used to do the operations. These include techniques like the use of microwaves and commercial food dehydrators. The production and exportation of dried vegetables have been on the rise in recent years due to the growing demands. The exportation of these dried vegetables is for both traditional plant and exotic vegetables growing in a country. Mushrooms, cucumbers, onions, garlic, ginger, potatoes, asparagus, and pepper are some of the common vegetables exported to the world.
Top Exporters of Dried Vegetables
China is the top producer and exporter of dried vegetables in the word; this concluded after several studies were conducted to determine which state is at the top. The country exports a variety of vegetables, which include mushrooms, bean sprouts, green beans, and watercress among others. The export business has been picking up in the recent years due to a massive demand by consumers, something the nation was not experiencing in the past. The country makes a total of 3.23 billion dollars annually from its sales of dried vegetables.
The United States of America
The country exports vegetables like broccoli, green beans, sweet potatoes, mushrooms, and cauliflowers to other nations. There has been a rise in the rate of export of dried vegetables, therefore, ranking the state as the second largest exporter of the vegetables after China. According to research, the state makes an approximate of 221 million dollars yearly from exporting dried vegetables.
There are a lot of companies in Germany that have specialized in the production of dried vegetables, therefore, making the country export a lot of the products to other nations, for example Africa. Germany is the third top producer and exporter of dried vegetables in the world estimating 193 million dollars annually from its sales.
Future of Dried Vegetables
The evolution of using dried foods is saving humankind from many diseases that come from spoilt grains and fruits. If people can continue producing and supplying dried foods to nations that are not capable of creating their own, then the problem of food security in the world will have been dealt with.