Australia is made up of six states together covering a total area of about 2,276,000 square miles and with a population of 24 million people (as of the 2018 census). The country is the 6th largest in the world and the largest in the whole of Oceania. Canberra is the country’s capital city, while Sydney is the largest city in the country. The six Australian states are large with extensive parts being largely uninhabitable due to presence of treacherous deserts in these parts. Australia's Northern Territory is not a state, but a territory.
The States of Australia
New South Wales
New South Wales is located on the east coast side of Australia and is bordered by South Australia, Queensland, and Victoria as well as the Tasman Sea. New South Wales covers a total area of 312,000 square miles and has a population of about 7 million people with most of them residing in the state capital, Sydney. The state was founded in 1788 as a penal colony but was initially occupied by the Aboriginal tribes who arrived in the region 60,000 years ago. The state houses more than 780 parks.
Victoria is located in the south-eastern side of Australia covering an area of around 91,700 square miles and providing a home to more than 6 million inhabitants as of the 2017 census. Most of the people live in the state capital of Melbourne and the surrounding areas of Port Phillip Bay. Victoria was established in 1851 as a colony by the British, and it became a state of Australia in 1901.
Queensland is the 2nd largest state in Australia covering a total area of about 715,000 square miles with a population of 5 million people. Queensland is bordered by South Australia, New South Wales, and the Northern Territory as well as the Pacific Ocean and the Coral Sea. The Aborigines initially occupied the state before British settlers displaced them. The capital of the state of Queensland is in Brisbane.
Western Australia is located in the western region of the country occupying an area of about 1,021,000 square miles making it the largest state in Australia as well as the second largest subdivision of any single country in the world. The state has its capital in the city of Perth with a population of about 2 million inhabitants. Western Australia was established in 1829 before officially becoming an Australian state in 1901.
South Australia is located in the southern central region of Australia covering an area of about 379,000 square miles with approximately 1.7 million people. The state of South Australia has the record of having the earliest European settlers dating back to the 1600s. The state was established in 1836 and became an Australian state in 1901. It has its capital in the city of Adelaide.
Tasmania is separated from the mainland Australia, and it is an island state located some 150 miles south of Australia with the Bass Strait separating the two landforms. Tasmania covers a total area of about 26,000 square miles and has a population of about 522,000 inhabitants who are concentrated in the capital of Hobart. Tasmania was established as Van Diemen’s Land in 1825 and became a full state of Australia in 1901. The state of Tasmania is home to the famed Tasmanian devil, a marsupial native to the island only.
Economy of Australia
Australia has the largest economy in Oceania and is one of the largest in the world. Australia’s GDP per capita (PPP) exceeds that of Germany, Canada, France, and the UK. The country’s stock exchange, the Australian Securities Exchange, is located in the city of Sydney, and it is the largest in South Pacific. The country was the world’s 22nd largest economy by nominal GDP in 2012. Tourism in Australia plays a significant role and contributed 3% to the country’s GDP in 2014/2015. In 2015, the country received 7.4 million visitors from around the world.
The States of Australia
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