Thailand is a country in Southeast Asia bordering four other countries, including Burma (or Myanmar), Cambodia, Laos, and Malaysia. It also borders the Andaman Sea and the Gulf of Thailand.The country has both the Prime Minister and the King as its leaders. Since the revolution of 1932, the post of the prime minister has been in existence to date.Before the revolution, absolute monarchs ruled the nation. The first prime minister was Manopakorn Nititada who took the leadership from 1932 to 1933. However, the office has had many military leaders. The leader has a maximum of two consecutive terms. The longest serving prime minister was Field Marshal Plaek who was in office for 14 years. On the other hand, Boonyaket only held office for 18 days, making him the shortest serving prime minister in the history of the country. The Prime Minister becomes the head of government upon his election by the House of Representatives. He presides over appointment and sacking of ministers. He represents the country in international forums and acts as the government's principal spokesperson. The Prime Minister heads various departments which include The Bureau of the Budget and the Internal Security Operations Command. Moreover, he approves bills that pass through the National Assembly.
Phraya Manopakorn Nititada (in Office 1932-1933)
He was born in 1884 in Bangkok and died in 1948 in British Malaya. He started his education at Suankularb Wittayalai School and later studied law education at Assumption College. After his studies, he worked under the Ministry of Justice. Over the years he earned the title Phraya. The People's Party leader appointed him to be the prime minister of Siam, as the country was known by then. People remember him for spearheading the promulgation of the country's first constitution. In 1933, he approved the Anti-Communist Act which ensured the arrest of individuals spreading communist sentiments. He left the People's Party, which led to a coup that ousted him. He became the first prime minister to be ousted through a coup. He left a legacy of taking over the government in a difficult economic time. Others discredit him for exceeding his powers but not able to counter Khana Ratsadon.
Phraya Phahon Phonphayuhasena (in Office 1933-1938)
He was born in 1887 in Bangkok to a Thai mother and a Chinese father. He attended a royal military academy before going to Berlin to study on a scholarship. His engineering studies at Copenhagen abruptly ended due to lack of funds, and he returned to his country in 1912. In 1931, he arose to become a phraya and received the position of colonel. He became the second prime minister and the first military leader after a coup in 1933. His reign faced rebellion from the people and he retired from public life after facing difficulties in his rule.In 1947, he died of cerebral hemorrhage. During the period of sickness his family was poor unable to pay for his funeral. A road near the border of Myanmar has his name as an honor to add to the many royal decorations he received during his lifetime.
Sarit Thanarat (in Office 1959-1963)
He was born in 1908 in Bangkok, where he also died in 1963. He was a Buddhist and had three wives. He considered himself an Isan because he grew up in his mother's hometown. He staged a coup in 1957 due to public outcry following Pibusongkhram's election rigging. As a leader, he improved the country's economy under United States designation. On the other hand, his regime was one of the most authoritarian of Thailand's prime ministers. For example, he declared a single-party state. However, he revived the public role of the king, making him attend many ceremonies and patronize different projects. He died of liver failure in 1963, bringing an end to his rule. His reputation declined after his death when the people learned of his corruption and adulterous ways. However, he had many royal decorations to his name.
Prayut Chan-o-cha (In Office 2014-Present)
The current Prime Minister of Thailand is a former Commander in Chief of Thailand's Army. He is Prayut Chan-o-cha and is 62 years old, and was born in Nakhon Ratchasima. He received his military education in armed forces academies before graduating with a Bachelor's of Science Degree from the Royal Military Academy. He is concurrently serving as the head of National Council for Peace and Order. Under his reign, there is no discussion of democracy in the public he has declared to deal with journalists who breaks that law.
The Prime Ministers Of Thailand
|Prime Ministers of Thailand||Term(s) in Office|
|Phraya Manopakorn Nititada||1932-1933|
|Phraya Phahon Phonphayuhasena||1933-1938|
|Plaek Phibunsongkhram||1938-1944; 1948-1957|
|Khuang Aphaiwong||1944-1945; 1946; 1947-1948|
|Seni Pramoj||1945-1946; 1975; 1976|
|Thanom Kittikachorn||1958; 1963-1973|
|Anand Panyarachun||1991-1992; 1992|
|Chuan Leekpai||1992-1995; 1997-2001|
|Prayut Chan-o-cha (Incumbent)||2014-Present|