The northernmost settlements in the world are those, which are closer to the North Pole. The North Pole or Terrestrial North Pole is a spot, which lies in the Northern Hemisphere where the earth’s rotational axis convenes its surface. The surroundings of the place are completely different from the rest of the world, as the place does not follow the regular day-night pattern. The place has extremely cold and harsh climate where the average temperature in summer is 0° Celsius, whereas the average winter temperature is -31°C. Due to such harsh weather conditions, the human settlement is negligible but around the North Pole, there are polar bears, ringed seals, and Arctic foxes.
Nearest To The North Pole
Usually, the region in and around the North Pole is barren, but there are rare places that have active settlements. Some of the closest settlement to the North Pole are:
Barneo, Arctic Ocean Ice Sheet 88°11' N
Alert, Ellesmere Island, Nunavut, Canada 82°28' N
Camp Barneo is the last point in the northernmost region where there is an active human settlement. Russian Geographical Society privately owns the place since 2002. The camp is based on an ice floe, which shifts places depending on the conditions. This settlement was built to do research around the North Pole and to understand the demography of this place.
The second active settlement is Alert in Nunavut, Canada, which is a permanently active settlement. However, its population was measured zero in the 2011 survey, but the place has active movements of armed forces and researchers. The place is 817 km away from the North Pole and is surrounded by valleys. In the month of July, the place has an average of 3.4°C, which is the warmest through the year and in December; it has the coldest average temperature of -33°C.
Station Nord is 924 km far from the North Pole in northeastern Greenland and is inhabited by the armed forces and research scientists. The climate of the place is harsh and has the record high temperature of 14 °C and lowest of -51 °C in a year. The place is mostly built to govern the area and to research the demographics of the areas around.
Frankly, these places are uninhabited because these places have no permanent settlements of common people or the native people. The places are built for special reasons like researching and governing the place. There is little vegetation of some seasoned plants and grasses, which grow in summer and have occasional visits by polar bears.
Tourism in Alert
While most of the northernmost settlements are dedicated to researching and governing, Alert in Nunavut has some active tourism. The place can be visited in summer when, where tourists can enjoy boating, skiing, hiking, camping, snowballing and fishing. Tourists also enjoy the wild beauty and the serene, non-polluted environment of the place.
The Northernmost Active Settlements In The World
|1||Barneo, Arctic Ocean Ice Sheet||88°11' N|
|2||Alert, Ellesmere Island, Nunavut, Canada||82°28' N|
|3||Nord, Greenland, Denmark||81°43' N|
|4||Nagurskoye, Franz Josef Land, Russia||80°48' N|
|5||Krenkel, Franz Josef Land, Russia||80°37' N|
|6||Eureka, Ellesmere Island, Nunavut, Canada||79°59' N|
|7||Golomyanniy, Sredniy Island, Severnaya Zemlya, Russia||79°33' N|
|8||Ny-Ålesund, Svalbard, Norway||78°55' N|
|9||Pyramiden (Russian), Svalbard, Norway||78°50' N|
|10||Longyearbyen, Svalbard, Norway||78°12' N|