Metro systems are designed to transport masses faster and efficiently. They link residential areas, cities, airports and suburban areas. Fourteen of the twenty-five metro systems constructed in the five years leading to 2017 are in China. The rapid growth of metro systems in the country is necessitated by the large population and the need to move masses faster without creating traffic jams. These are the newest subway systems in the world.
The Newest Metro Systems In The World
The Taoyuan Metro system connects Taoyuan International Airport to the city of Taipei, New Taipei, and Taoyuan. The 31.71 miles began operation on March 2, 2017, offering commuter and express services. The railway network consists of five lines four of which use the standard gauge track. The line consists of maintenance depot in Qingpu and Luzhu, seven underground stations, and 15 elevated stations. The airport is served by four underground stations and a 4.26 mi long line.
Nanning metro system serves the city of Nanning; the capital, Guangxi Zhuang, an autonomous region in South Central China. The entire metro system consists of eight lines and is projected to be complete by 2030. The first line (line one) that runs from Nanhu to Nanning East station is 6.6 miles and began operation on June 28, 2016. The entire line one was commenced operation on December 28, 2016, it is 20 miles long and has 25 stations. Line two of the metro system began construction in 2012 and is expected to be complete by the end of 2017.
The Hefei metro system in China is projected to house five lines by 2020 and run a total of 105 miles. The construction of first line (line 1) began on June 1, 2012, and commenced operation on December 26, 2016. The 15.3-mile line serves twenty-three stations. By the end of 2017, the second line is expected to be complete, it is 18.6-mile long and will serve 24 stations.
The Fuzhou metro system serves the city of Fuzhou; the capital of Fujian province. The metro system is still under construction and is expected to house seven lines. The first line (line 1) runs from Xiangfeng to South Railway Station. Although it was projected to end in 2014, excavations delayed the construction to 2016. The trial period began in December 2015, and the south section of the line (Sanchajie to Fuzhou South Railway) began operation on May 18, 2016. Line 1 is 15.5-mile long and has 21 stations.
The Dongguan Metro is under construction and is expected to house seven railway lines to be built in four phases. As at June 2017, three lines were still under construction while line two(Line R2) of the system was complete and operational. The 23.5-mile line running from Humen to Dongguan has 15 stations. Its construction began in 2010 and commenced operations in May 2017. It is projected that by 2019, three lines will be operational, and the total metro will run for 102 miles.
Role Of The Metro System
The majority of the metro systems are in Asia, apart from China, India and Iran are also developing metro systems. Population growth and economic development are some of the key factors that have necessitated their construction. They are considered a more efficient and effective method of transporting masses from one point to another without congesting the roads.
The Newest Metro Systems in the World
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