Greece is one of the countries in Southern Europe. Its capital and largest city is Athens. The country has a population of over 11 million people. The shape of Greece makes it border many countries including Bulgaria and Macedonia to the north, Albania to the northwest, and Turkey to the northeast. The country borders many water bodies namely the Aegean Sea to the east, the Ionian Sea to the west, Mediterranean Sea and Cretan Sea to the south. Greece has a very long coastline with the Mediterranean measuring 8,498 miles. Greece is strategically positioned at the crossroad of Africa, Asia, and Europe. There are also numerous islands of which only 227 are occupied. Eighty percent of the land is mountainous with mount Olympus being the tallest. The country’s extreme north location is very far from the extreme south location. This article explore the extreme points in Greece, their location, and characteristics.
6. Northernmost Point In Greece
The Evros regional unit of Ormenio is the northernmost point in Greece at 41°44′N 26°11′E coordinates. The area is the municipal unit of Trigono and is administered as a municipal unit of Orestiada in East Macedonia and Thrace. Its location is adjacent the right bank of River Evros which makes the border with Bulgaria. The nearby villages in the region are Ptelea to the Southeast and Petrota to the southwest. As of 2011, Ormenio has a total population of 557 residents. Greek National Road 51/ European route E85 bypasses the region on the route to Bulgaria. Ormenio is also served by rail with the railway line from Didymoteicho to Harmanli Bulgaria passing through the region. The battle of Chernomen took place at the Ormenio in 1371 in which the Ottoman defeated the Serb army.
5. Southernmost Point In Greece
Gavdos is considered the southernmost point in Greek. The island neighbors much larger island of Crete and is an administrative region of Crete in the Chania regional unit. When combined with the smaller Gavdopoula Island, Gavdos covers a total area of 12.5 square miles with the highest elevation being 1,132 feet above the sea level.When combined with the surrounding islets, it forms part of the former Selino province. Demographically the area has few permanent residents though camping tourists visit during summer. There is a large man-made harbor for ferries called Karave. The capital of Gavdos is Kastri while Vatsiana village is the southernmost point with a total current population of 31 people living there permanently. The island is the southernmost point of the Europe continent at 34°49′N 24°7′E coordinates.
4. Westernmost Point In Greece
Othonoi is a minor island in the Ionian Sea and the largest of the Diapontia islands. The island is the extreme west location in Greece and was the capital of the Diapontia islands municipality in the 19th century. The Greek island is located within Corfu municipal, Corfu regional unit, Ionian Island region. The total municipal area is 10 square kilometers and has a population of 392 people according to 2011 census. Majority of Othoniotes are immigrants from Corfu and Athens though the population has decreased. Most engage in fishing, tourism and olive production. Othonoi Island is approximately 47 nm from Santa Maria di Leuca cape, Italy. Main sights include ancient churches, school, the cave of Calypso, the cross monument and monument of submarines proteus. Mount Imerovigli is the highest elevation on the island at 1,296 feet.
3. Easternmost Point In Greece
The easternmost point of Greece is the Islet of Strongyli located in the Megistis archipelago. Also known as Ypsili, the Islet lies in the eastern Mediterranean Sea only 4 kilometers south-east of Kastellorizo Island. The small island is only 0.5 miles long and 2,300 feet wide and covers an area of approximately 0.3 square miles. The general terrain of the island is flat and covered with macchia making it unsuitable habitat for permanent residents. The Strongyli Island is administered by the Megisti municipality of the Rhodes regional unit.
2. Highest Point In Greece
The highest point in Greece is Mount Olympus located in the Olympus ranges along the border with Thessaly and Macedonia. Olympus is in the regional units of Pieria and Larissa almost 50 miles southwest of Thessaloniki. The mountain has 52 peaks and is characterized by deep gorges and exceptional diversity. The highest peak is 9,573 feet and is ranked among the highest elevations in Europe due to topographic prominence. The peak is known as Mytikas. Thousands of people have reached the peak and also traversed the diverse flora and fauna. The climate here is Mediterranean type, majorly humid and very cold in winter. Snow is not unusual even in summer with temperatures dropping to as low as -10 °C at the peak.Winds are a normal occurrence with the top half being snowcapped for more than nine months each year from September to May. Mount Olympus is home to some of the Greek gods in the Greek mythology, especially Mytikas peak
1. Lowest Point In Greece
The lowest point in Greece is the Mediterranean Sea at zero meters above sea level or at sea level. The region is vast and extends to the southernmost tip of the Balkans. The coastline which is approximately 8,498 miles is ranked the longest among countries in Europe and the eleventh longest coastline in the world. The Mediterranean line is characterized by dry and hot summers while the winter is generally rainy. The lowest level at sea level has salinity levels that vary with latitude along the Greece coastline since the country extends over a long distance. Major towns along the Mediterranean coast include of Santorini, Mykonos, kissamos with the famous Balos Beach and Rhodes old town.