The Hill Forts Of Rajasthan, India UNESCO World Heritage Sites

Amber Fort In Jaipur, Rajasthan
Amber Fort In Jaipur, Rajasthan

Rajasthan is one of the biggest states in India covering 132,138sq mi (342,236km2), and part of it is inhospitable, that is part of the Great Indian Desert also known as the Thar Desert. The state borders Pakistan to the west and the southwest the state of Gujarat, to the southeast is Madhya Pradesh, to the northeast is Uttar Pradesh and Haryana, while Punjab borders to the north. Rajasthan state has 32 districts with a population of 58 million and its capital city is Jaipur.

Rajasthan has numerous objects of antiquarian significance, including massive forts and exquisitely beautiful palaces built by the Hindu Rajput rulers of the region. The region around Ajmer in the Indian state has numerous Muslim tombs and mosques dating back to the 12th century. Bikaner and Mount Abu in Rajasthan has stunning 15th-century Jain temples. The most impressive are the six majestic forts or the "Hill forts of Rajasthan" which are all listed by UNESCO as World Heritage Sites.

The Hill Forts Of Rajasthan: UNESCO World Heritage Site In India

Chittorgarh Fort

Chittorgarh in Rajasthan state is the largest fort located approximately 144.8mi (233km) from Ajmer between Mumbai and Delhi along the National Highway 8. The fort is on a hill 590.6 ft (180m) high and left side of the Berach River bank. The fort was built by the Mauryans in the 7th Century AD, and the name comes from the Mauryan leader Chitrangada Mori. Chittorgarh fort was the capital of Mewar for about 834 years starting from 734AD. The fort was attacked in 1303 and 1535 and was destroyed in 1568 and remained desolate until 1905 when it was refurbished. In 2013, with other five hill forts of Rajasthan, the Chittorgarh Fort formed part of the World Heritage Site by UNESCO.

Kumbhalgarh Fort

Kumbhalgarh fort in Rajasthan state is in Rajsamand district in the western part of the Aravalli Hills, and it is 51mi (82km) North West of Udaipur. It is the second largest fort in Rajasthan after Chittorgarh. Rana Kumbha built the fort in the 15th Century, and it is the place where Maharana Pratap, the great warrior, and king of Mewar, was born. The fort has a wall running 23.6mi (38km) long making it the second largest wall in the world after the great wall of China. The fort was occupied until 19th C. It is believed that Rana Kumbha built several other forts and Kumbhalgarh was the biggest and the most elaborate of all.

Ranthambore Fort

Ranthambore is in Ranthambore National Park in Rajasthan. The fort was recognized for its glory and splendor associated with the Hammir Dev of Chauhan dynasty. It is believed to have been built by one of the Chauhan rulers in the mid 10th century. During the Mughal period, the Millinatha temple was constructed in the fort, and Yadavas ruled from the fort until it was conquered in the 12th century. The fort was captured in 1226 by the Sultan of Delhi and Chauhans recaptured it in 1236. In the 14th Century, the Fortress was seized by the Kingdom of Mawer

Gagron Fort

Gagron fort is in Jhalawar district, and it is a hill and water fort surrounded by rivers Kalisidh and Ahu. The fort was built by the Doda Rajputs who started it in the 8th Century and was rebuilt over and over until the 14th century. The fort was captured by the Chauhans in the 12th Century, and it kept changing hands over and over until 1707 Aurangzeb gave to Maharao Bhim Singh as a grant. It is one of the six UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

High Tourist Footfall

Rajasthan holds some of the most magnificent tourist’s sites which include the Hills Forts of Rajasthan. Other than the above we have Amber Fort and Jaisalmer Fort. They were built between the 8th Century and 19th century.All these sites are now major tourist attractions for visitors locally and around the world. The state of Rajasthan received 30.29 million local tourists in 2013 and increased to 33.1 million in 2014. The foreign tourists were 1.43 million in 2013 and 1.53 million visitors in 2014.

The Hill Forts Of Rajasthan: UNESCO World Heritage Site In India

RankHill FortLocation
1Chittorgarh Fort233 km from Ajmer, midway between Delhi and Mumbai on the National Highway 8
2Kumbhalgarh FortRajsamand District, Rajasthan, India
3Ranthambore FortRanthambore National Park, Rajasthan, India
4Gagron FortJhalawar District of Rajasthan, India
5Amber FortJaipur, Rajasthan, India.
6Jaisalmer FortJaisalmer, Rajasthan, India

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