Saudi Arabia is located on the Arabian Peninsula, and is the fifth largest country in the continent of Asia by area. The country’s terrain comprises of arid desert and barren landforms. 80% of the Arabian Peninsula is occupied by Saudi Arabia, and a large part of the country is dominated by the Arabian Desert. The Asir Province, which is in the southwest is mountainous and is the location of Mount Sawda, which is the country’s tallest mountain.
With an elevation of 9,843 feet above sea level, Jabal Sawda is the tallest peak in Saudi Arabia. The peak is located in the southwest province of Asir. The Asir Region, which is located on a high plateau, receives the most rainfall in the regions in Saudi Arabia and has the highest peaks. Jabal Sawda is located near the city of Abha. The peak is part of a mountain range known as the Sarawat Mountains, which runs parallel to the western coast of the Arabian Peninsula. The Sarawat Mountain Range is the largest in the Arabian Peninsula its mountains are rocky, though some contain vegetation
With an elevation of 9,856 feet above sea level, Jabal Ferwa’ is the second tallest peak in Saudi Arabia. Along with Jabal Sawda, it is a peak of the Sarawat Ranges in the mountainous Asir Region. The nearest city to Jabal Ferwa’ is Al-Harjah. The Sarawat mountain ranges receive the highest amount of rainfall in the whole of Saudi Arabia and the region receives light afternoon summer rains and late spring heavy rains. These mountainous ranges have fertile soils especially on the mountain slopes and different grains and plants are planted including the evergreen juniper, cypress, wild olive, acacia, and lotus. The vegetation also attracts wild animals some of which are extinct and some like the mountain goats, deer, baboons, and rabbits are rarely seen. Leopards and Wolves still roam around the terrain. The mountain ranges also support a wide variety of bird species like the Egyptian vultures, eagles, and Falcons.
With an elevation of 9,728 feet above sea level, Jabal Natfa’ is the third highest peak in Saudi Arabia. It is located in the west of Al Harajah. Along with Jabal Sawda and Jabal Ferwa’, Jabal Natfa’ is a peak of the Sarawat Ranges in the mountainous Asir Region. The nearest city to the peak is Al-Harjah.
With an elevation of 9,672 feet above sea level, Jabal Warrab is the fourth highest peak in Saudi Arabia. In Arabic, Jabal Warrab means “Mount Rap.” Along with Jabal Sawda, Jabal Ferwa’, and Jabal Natfa’, Jabal Warrab is a peak of the Sarawat Ranges in the mountainous Asir Region. Al-Harjah is the city closest to this peak.
With an elevation of 9,521 feet above sea level, Jabal Al-Majaz is the fifth highest peak in Saudi Arabia. Located near the border of Saudi Arabia and Yemen, Jabal Al-Majaz is along with Jabal Sawda, Jabal Ferwa, Jabal Natfa, and Jabal Warrab, one of the peaks of the Sarawat Ranges in the mountainous Asir Province in Saudi Arabia. The city closest to Jabal Al-Majaz is Sarat Ubaida.
With an elevation of 9,393 feet above sea level, Jebal As-Seqaa is the sixth highest peak in Saudi Arabia. Along with the five highest peaks in Saudi Arabia, Jebal As-Seqaa is part of the Sarawat Ranges which are found in the highly mountainous province of Asir Belkrb. The peak is located close to the city of Abha.
Saudi Arabia's Major Mountain Ranges
The Sarawat Ranges in the Asir Region house most of the tallest peaks in Saudi Arabia. All of the peaks in the country which are higher than 2,500 meters are part of the Sarawat Mountains with the exception of Jabal Al Lawz, which is a peak in the Madiyan Ranges. Other tall peaks in Saudi Arabia include Jabal Moushref, which has an elevation of 9,380 feet above sea level, Jabal Khalaqah, which is 9,350 feet above sea level, and Jabal Nahran, which is 9,308 feet above sea level.