Tallest Buildings In Europe

The East Tower of the Federation Complex located in Moscow, Russia is the tallest building in the European continent.


The largest skyscraper in Europe is the Federation Tower in Moscow, Russia. In fact, the majority of Europe's tallest buildings can be found in Moscow. For decades, Europe was without skyscrapers, except in some major cities like London, Paris, Frankfurt, Moscow, Istanbul, and Warsaw. However, recent years have seen growth in the construction industry, with more cities building skyscrapers including cities like Barcelona, Brussels, Manchester, Milan, Birmingham, Madrid, and Naples. Cities having more than ten tall buildings of over 100 meters include Moscow, Istanbul, Paris, Ankara, Frankfurt, Benidorm, Warsaw, Rotterdam, Milan, Madrid, Kiev, Barcelona, Berlin, and Naples.

However, when it comes to the tallest buildings on the continent, Moscow is home to the majority of them, followed by Istanbul. The top five tallest buildings in Europe are outlined below:

5. Eurasia - 308.9 m

At the height of 308.9 m, Eurasia is the fifth tallest building in Europe. The building, which is also known as Steel Park, was developed by the Mos City Group and designed by Swank Hayeden Connel Architects. Construction work began in 2007 and ended in 2014. The 70-floor building comprises apartments, offices, a hotel, and other entertainment facilities. The building’s external design combines both classical and modernist styles. It has a scenic elevator on the outside, which enables people to view the city.

4. The Shard - 309.7 m

At the height of 309.7 m, the Shard ranks fourth on the list of the tallest buildings in Europe. It is also the only building amongst the top five that is not located in Moscow, Russia. Also known as the Shard of glass, the building has 95 stories and is located in Southwark, London. The building, which was formerly known as London Bridge Tower, forms part of the London Bridge. Construction began in 2009, with its completion in 2013. It has a privately operated observation deck known as the View from the Shard, open to the public. Clad in glass, and having a pyramidal shape, the tower comprises 72 habitable floors, a viewing gallery, and the observation deck on the 72nd floor. Designed by Renzo Piano the Italian architect and developed by Sellar Property Group on LBQ Ltd’s behalf, the building is the joint property of Sellar Property and the State of Qatar.

3. Mercury City Tower - 338.8 m

At the height of 338.8 m, the Mercury City Tower is the third tallest building in Europe with 75 floors and 31 elevators. The construction began in 2009 costing $1 billion. The building is owned by Igor Kesaev. It is also located in the Moscow International Business Center. A multipurpose building, it comprises offices, shops, and housing. It has five underground floors. It was developed by Liedel Investments Limited and Mercury Development. It was designed by Frank Williams & Associates. It has a distinctive shape and has a blazing copper-colored cladding that makes it unique.

2. OKO - Moscow, Russia - 354.1 m

At the height of 354.1 m, the OKO ranks second among the tallest buildings in Europe. Also found in Russia’s capital city of Moscow, the building is owned by the Capital Group, located in the Moscow International Business Center, and was designed by Skidmore, Owings and Merrill, an American architect firm. Construction started in 2011 and was completed in 2015 at the cost of $1.2 billion. The building has apartments, offices, snd parking spaces. The building comprises an 85 story skyscraper on South Tower and a 49 story office on North Tower, both rising from the single transparent structure of 7 stories at the base of the complex.

1. Federation Tower - Moscow, Russia - 373.7 m

At 373.7 m, the Eastern Tower of Federation Tower in Moscow, Russia, is the tallest building in Europe. Construction of the skyscraper commenced in 2003, with an interruption midway, resuming in 2011, with completion in 2016, overtaking the OKO as the tallest building in Europe. A brainchild of Sergei Tchoban and Peter Schweger, the building was constructed by the AEON Corporation who owns the building. It comprises of two towers, the 97 story Tower East and the 65 story Tower West. It is intended to have offices, apartments, and hotel suites with sky bridges between the two towers which house restaurants and cafes. It attracts sightseers, lovers of extreme sports, and is used as a filming site.

Other tall buildings in Europe in order of successive height include CoC: Moscow Tower, Skyland Istanbul 1, Metropol Istanbul, and Emaar Square.

Tallest Buildings In Europe

RankNameLocationHeight (m)
1Federation TowerMoscow, Russia373.7
2OKO Moscow, Russia354.1
3Mercury City TowerMoscow, Russia338.8
4The ShardLondon, United Kingdom309.7
5EurasiaMoscow, Russia308.9
6CoC: Moscow TowerMoscow, Russia301.6
7Skyland Istanbul 1 Istanbul, Turkey293.1
8Skyland Istanbul 2Istanbul, Turkey293.1
9Metropol IstanbulIstanbul, Turkey280
10Emaar squareIstanbul, Turkey280


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