The Bahamas is a country in the Lucayan Archipelago which is situated north of Cuba and Hispaniola Island, and to the southeastern side of Florida in mainland North America. The Bahamas is made up of over 700 islets and islands and over 2,000 cays in the Atlantic Ocean. The archipelagic state occupies an area of about 5,358 sq miles with a population of over 391,232 people.
Inhabited Islands of the Bahamas
Out of the 700 islands and cays in the Bahamas only 31 are inhabited by human beings. Some of these inhabited islands include Andros, Abaco, Mayaguana, Berry Islands, Crooked Island, Acklin, Ragged Islands, Long Islands, and San Salvador Islands among others. The southernmost island in the Bahamas is Inagua. These islands are flat and low with ridges which don’t exceed 66ft. The island which is closest to the US is Bimini.
Biggest Islands of the Bahamas
Out of the 700 islands in the Bahamas, only five are over 400 sq miles in size with Andros being the biggest island which occupies an area of about 2,300 sq miles. The total area of Andros includes three main islands (South Andros, North Andros, and Mangrove Cay) and numerous small cays and islets which are linked by tidal swamps and mangrove estuaries. Andros has a bigger land area than all the other islands combined. Andros is home to the biggest Bahamas district which is known as North Andros. North Andros has a population of over 3,898 people. The Andros is home to the sixth longest coral reef in the world known as the Andros Barrier Reef.
The second biggest island in the Bahamas is the Great Inagua. The Little Inagua together with the Great Inagua forms the southernmost Bahamas district known as Inagua. The Greater Inagua occupies an area of approximately 596 sq miles, and it’s about 55 miles from the eastern parts of Cuba.
Smallest Inhabited Island in the Bahamas
The Great Ragged Island is ranked among the smallest inhabited Bahamas islands. The Ragged Island is in Jumento Cays, and it had a population of about 72 residents in 2001. Ragged Island is part of the Ragged Island and Jumentos Cays chain, and it occupies an area of about 9 sq miles. The 110 miles crescent-shaped chain includes the Double-Breasted Cay, Hog Cay, and the Racoon Cay. The only settlement in the Ragged Island is the Duncan Town, and it is in a bay of shallow water.
The Most Populous Island in the Bahamas
The most populous island in the Bahamas is New Providence. It is home to over 70% of the population and the location of Nassau, the capital city of Bahamas. The island has over 274,400 residents, and it serves as the commercial hub of the country. It is the twelfth biggest island in the country, but the most populous one. It occupies an area of about 80 sq miles.