Ohio

Ohio Timeline

1600s
  • (1670) French explorer, Rene-Robert Cavelier, discovered Ohio region, claimed for France
1700s
  • (1748) Ohio Company formed by Virginians
  • (1750) Ohio Company claimed land for England
  • (1754 - 1763) French and Indian War
  • (1763) France ceded all rights to the Ohio Territory to Britain in Treaty of Paris
  • (1768) Iroquois Indians ceded all lands south and east of Ohio River to British in Treaty of Fort Stanwix
  • (1775 - 1783) Revolutionary War
  • (1783) Treaty of Paris ended Revolutionary War; England ceded all lands in Ohio
  • (1785) Methods of surveying, dividing land in Ohio established by Land Ordinance of 1785
  • (1787) Ohio became part of Northwest Territory
  • (1788) First permanent white settlement in Ohio founded at Marietta
  • (1790 - 1794) Ohio Indian Wars
  • (1795) Treaty of Greeneville ended Ohio Indian Wars; Indians gave up most of lands
1800s
  • (1800) Chillicothe became capital of Northwest Territory; Division Act created Indian Territory
  • (1802) Formation of state government in Ohio authorized by Congress
  • (1803) Ohio became 17th state, first state west of Allegheny Mountains; Chillicothe named state capital
  • (1810) Zanesville named state capital
  • (1812 - 1814) War of 1812
  • (1812) Columbus founded; Fort Meigs constructed to protect Ohio from invasion
  • (1813) British failed in attempt to overtake Fort Meigs; Oliver Perry Hazard's fleet defeated British fleet at Battle of Lake Erie
  • (1816) State capital relocated to Columbus
  • (1832) Ohio and Lake Erie Canal opened
  • (1834) Anti-Slavery Society founded in Zanesville
  • (1835) Boundary dispute between Ohio and Michigan caused Toledo War; Ohio granted contested lands around Toledo
  • (1840) William Henry Harrison elected U.S. President
  • (1842) Ohio's last Indian tribe, Wyandots, relinquished all claims to land within state; left Ohio
  • (1845) Miami and Erie Canal opened
  • (1851) Current Ohio Constitution adopted
  • (1852) Publication of Uncle Tom's Cabin, written in Ohio by Harriet Beecher Stowe, increased racial tensions between North and South
  • (1859) In an effort to end slavery, abolitionist John Brown's led raid on Harper's Ferry
  • (1861 - 1865) Civil War
  • (1863) Confederate Brigadier General John Hunt Morgan led troops on raid across southern Ohio (Morgan's Raid); Battle of Buffington Island was only Civil War battle fought in Ohio
  • (1864) President Abraham Lincoln promoted Ohioan Ulysses S. Grant to supreme commander of Union forces; Ohioan William T. Sherman's Union forces captured Atlanta; Sherman led troops on "March to the Sea" from Atlanta to Savannah
  • (1865) Robert E. Lee surrendered Army of Northern Virginia to Ulysses S. Grant
  • (1868) Ulysses S. Grant elected U.S. President
  • (1869) Cincinnati Redstockings, first professional baseball team, founded; W. F. Semple of Mount Vernon patented chewing gum
  • (1870) John D. Rockefeller founded Standard Oil; Benjamin Goodrich opened rubber plant in Akron
  • (1876) Rutherford B. Hayes of Ohio, elected U.S. President; Ashtabula train accident killed 83
  • (1878) First cash register developed by James Ritty
  • (1879) Ohioan Thomas Edison invented electric light bulb; Cleveland became first city in world to be lighted electrically by arc lights; National Cash Register Co. founded in Dayton
  • (1880) James Garfield elected U.S. President
  • (1881) President Garfield shot by Charles Guiteau
  • (1884) Three-day riot occurred at Cincinnati Courthouse following verdict of murder trial, 45 townspeople killed, 139 wounded
  • (1888) Benjamin Harrison elected U.S. President
  • (1896) Ohioan William McKinley elected U.S. President; first x-rays used in surgery by John Gilman
  • (1898) Roller bearing invented by Henry Timken

1900s

  • (1901) President McKinley assassinated
  • (1903) Wright brothers, Orville and Wilbur, began building airplanes in Dayton
  • (1908) William Howard Taft of Cincinnati elected U.S. President; Collinwood school fire near Cleveland killed 173 students, two teachers, one firefighter
  • (1911) Automobile self-starter invented by Charles Kettering of Loudonville
  • (1913) Flood of 1913 killed 428 people, caused state-wide destruction
  • (1914 - 1918) World War I
  • (1917) Camp Sherman constructed near Chillicothe to train WWI army troops
  • (1918) 1,200 troops die of influenza epidemic at Camp Sherman
  • (1920) William G. Harding elected U.S. President
  • (1921) Bing Act passed, required students to remain in school until graduation or age 18
  • (1925) Shenandoan dirigible crashed, killed 14
  • (1929) Steel became Ohio's number one industry
  • (1930) Ohio Penitentiary fire killed 322 prisoners
  • (1937) Ohio River flooded, 750,000 people left homeless; East Ohio Gas Co. explosion killed 131
  • (1938) Teflon invented by Ohioan Roy J. Plunkett
  • (1955) Ohio Turnpike completed
  • (1958) St. Lawrence Seaway completed
  • (1962) John Glenn of New Concord first American to orbit Earth
  • (1969) Neil Armstrong of Wapakoneta became first man to walk on moon
  • (1970) Four Kent State University students killed by National Guardsmen during Vietnam War protests
  • (1973) Voters approved lottery
  • (1974) Tornado in Xenia killed 33
  • (1979) Public schools began busing students to eliminate segregation
  • (1986) Astronaut Judith Resnick of Akron, died in Challenger space shuttle explosion
  • (1993) Lucasville prison riots resulted in nine prisoners and one guard killed
  • (1995) Rock and Roll Hall of Fame opened in Cleveland; Bosnian Peace Agreement signed at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base
  • (1998) John Glenn (from Ohio) became oldest American to travel into space (age 77)
2000s
  • (2001) New York terrorist attacks led to flurry of anti-terrorist activities throughout Ohio; steam engine explosion at fair killed four, injured 49
  • (2002) Former representative, James Traficant, sentenced to eight-year prison term for corruption
  • (2003) Electric faults in Cleveland caused power outages to 50 million
  • (2006) Voters passed smoking ban in public places
  • (2009) Six bodies found in home of convicted sex offender in Cleveland; Nazi war crimes suspect John Demjanjuk, deported to Germany from Cleveland home; environmental activist, Marie Mason, sentenced to 22 years in prison for arson, property damage
  • (2010) Three Ohio pension funds filed class action lawsuit against American International Group for fraud, resulted in $725 million fine
  • (2011) Exotic animals escaped from private zoo in Zanesville, owner committed suicide, police killed dozens of the animals
  • (2011) Anthony Sowell found guilty of murder of 11 women, sentenced to death
  • (2012) Gunman killed three, wounded others at high school in Chardon
  • (2012) Tornadoes killed at least three, governor declared state of emergency

Ohio Photographs


Robert La SalleWyandots IndiansChilicothe CourthouseOhio CompanyOhio RiverFort MeigsEerie CanalJohn MorganColumbus City Hall

Ohio Cities, Counties & Area Codes

City County Area Code
West Union Adams 937
Lima Allen 419
Ashland Ashland 419
Ashtabula Ashtabula 440
Athens Athens 740
Wapakoneta Auglaize 419
Saint Clairsville Belmont 740
Florence Boone 859
Mount Orab Brown 937
Hamilton Butler 513
Carrollton Carroll 330
Urbana Champaign 937
Springfield Clark 937
Loveland Clermont 513
Wilmington Clinton 937
Salem Columbiana 330
Coshocton Coshocton 740
Bucyrus Crawford 419
Cleveland Cuyahoga 216
Greenville Darke 937
Defiance Defiance 419
Delaware Delaware 740
Sandusky Erie 419
Lancaster Fairfield 740
Washington Court House Fayette 740
Columbus Franklin 614
Swanton Fulton 419
Gallipolis Gallia 740
Chardon Geauga 440
Dayton Greene 937
Cambridge Guernsey 740
Cincinnati Hamilton 513
Findlay Hancock 419
Kenton Hardin 419
Cadiz Harrison 740
Napoleon Henry 419
Hillsboro Highland 937
Logan Hocking 740
Millersburg Holmes 330
Norwalk Huron 419
Jackson Jackson 740
Steubenville Jefferson 740
Mount Vernon Knox 740
Mentor Lake 440
Ironton Lawrence 740
Newark Licking 740
Bellefontaine Logan 937
Lorain Lorain 440
Toledo Lucas 419
London Madison 740
Youngstown Mahoning 330
Marion Marion 740
Medina Medina 330
Pomeroy Meigs 740
Celina Mercer 419
Troy Miami 937
Woodsfield Monroe 740
Dayton Montgomery 937
McConnelsville Morgan 740
Mount Gilead Morrow 419
Zanesville Muskingum 740
Caldwell Noble 740
Port Clinton Ottawa 419
Paulding Paulding 419
Thornville Perry 740
Circleville Pickaway 740
Waverly Pike 740
Kent Portage 330
Eaton Preble 937
Ottawa Putnam 419
Mansfield Richland 419
Chillicothe Ross 740
Fremont Sandusky 419
Portsmouth Scioto 740
Tiffin Seneca 419
Sidney Shelby 937
Canton Stark 330
Akron Summit 330
Warren Trumbull 330
New Philadelphia Tuscarawas 330
Marysville Union 937
Van Wert Van Wert 419
McArthur Vinton 740
Mason Warren 513
Marietta Washington 740
Wooster Wayne 330
Bryan Williams 419
Perrysburg Wood 419
Upper Sandusky Wyandot 419