New York

New York Geography

New York is dominated by mountains, all part of the Appalachian Mountain system that extends on into Vermont, New Hampshire and southern Canada.


Much of southwestern New York is covered by the lower ranges of the Allegheny Plateau, while the Adirondack and Catskill mountains cover the eastern third of the state.

The massive Adirondack Mountains are New York's major landform. In this heavily forested area the highest point is located, Mt. Marcy at 5,344 ft.

New York has many significant lakes including the Finger Lakes chain; Lake Champlain forming its natural border with Vermont, and Lake George and Oneida Lake.

The state has almost 300 miles of combined frontage along the Great Lakes of Erie and Ontario. In addition, the Saint Lawrence River (seaway), forms part of the natural border with Canada.

Niagara Falls is a series of waterfalls located on the border between the United States and Canada. The system includes three separate waterfalls: the Horseshoe Falls (or Canadian Falls), the American Falls, and the smaller, adjacent Bridal Veil Falls.

The Hudson, Genesee and Mohawk are the most significant in-state rivers. The Delaware River forms part of its southern border with Pennsylvania.

The man-made Erie Canal links the waters of Lake Erie in the west to the Hudson River in the east. An engineering marvel when it was built, some then called it the 'Eighth Wonder of the World.'

For a dramatic look at the topography of New York, view this topography map.
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New York Photographs

Early Fall Stream, Catskills

A small stream in the Catskills...
by Vincent James
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New York Cities, Counties & Area Codes

City County Area Code
Albany Albany 518
Wellsville Allegany 585
Bronx Bronx 718
Binghamton Broome 607
Olean Cattaraugus 716
Auburn Cayuga 315
Jamestown Chautauqua 716
Elmira Chemung 607
Norwich Chenango 607
Plattsburgh Clinton 518
Hudson Columbia 518
Cortland Cortland 607
Walton Delaware 607
Poughkeepsie Dutchess 845
Buffalo Erie 716
Lake Placid Essex 518
Malone Franklin 518
Gloversville Fulton 518
Batavia Genesee 585
Catskill Greene 518
Indian Lake Hamilton 518
Ilion Herkimer 315
Watertown Jefferson 315
Brooklyn Kings 718
Lowville Lewis 315
Dansville Livingston 585
Oneida Madison 315
Rochester Monroe 585
Amsterdam Montgomery 518
Valley Stream Nassau 516
New York City New York 212
Niagara Falls Niagara 716
Utica Oneida 315
Syracuse Onondaga 315
Canandaigua Ontario 585
Middletown Orange 845
Albion Orleans 585
Oswego Oswego 315
Oneonta Otsego 607
Mahopac Putnam 845
Ridgewood Queens 718
Elmhurst Queens 718
Flushing Queens 718
Jamaica Queens 718
Corona Queens 718
Astoria Queens 718
Troy Rensselaer 518
Staten Island Richmond 718
Spring Valley Rockland 845
Potsdam Saint Lawrence 315
Clifton Park Saratoga 518
Schenectady Schenectady 518
Cobleskill Schoharie 518
Watkins Glen Schuyler 607
Seneca Falls Seneca 315
Corning Steuben 607
Huntington Station Suffolk 631
Monticello Sullivan 845
Owego Tioga 607
Ithaca Tompkins 607
Kingston Ulster 845
Queensbury Warren 518
Hudson Falls Washington 518
Newark Wayne 315
Yonkers Westchester 914
Attica Wyoming 585
Penn Yan Yates 315