New York GeographyNew York is dominated by mountains, all part of the Appalachian Mountain system that extends on into Vermont, New Hampshire and southern Canada.
Much of southwestern New York is covered by the lower ranges of the Allegheny Plateau, while the Adirondack and Catskill mountains cover the eastern third of the state.
The massive Adirondack Mountains are New York's major landform. In this heavily forested area the highest point is located, Mt. Marcy at 5,344 ft.
Niagara Falls is a series of waterfalls located on the border between the United States and Canada. The system includes three separate waterfalls: the Horseshoe Falls (or Canadian Falls), the American Falls, and the smaller, adjacent Bridal Veil Falls.
The man-made Erie Canal links the waters of Lake Erie in the west to the Hudson River in the east. An engineering marvel when it was built, some then called it the 'Eighth Wonder of the World.'
For a dramatic look at the topography of New York, view this topography map.