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Mississippi Geography

The heart of Mississippi sits between two lowland plains; the Mississippi Plain (or Delta) in the west, and the Gulf Coastal Plain in the east.

In general terms central Mississippi is hilly, as the land gently rises from the Gulf of Mexico coastline to the far northeastern highlands where the state's highest point, Woodall Mountain, stands at 806 ft (246 m).

The Gulf of Mexico coastal wetlands stretch from Texas into Louisiana, then on through Mississippi, Alabama and northwestern Florida. It's an area of bays, bogs, estuaries, marshes and swamps.

Mississippi's most important river is the Mississippi; it rises in northwestern Minnesota, then flows south to the Gulf of Mexico, just below the city of New Orleans. It is a significant transportation artery and when combined with its major tributaries (the Missouri and Ohio rivers) it becomes the third largest river system in the world at (2,339 miles) (3,765 km) in length.

The state's longest indigenous river, the Pearl flows about 450 twisted-miles south from the eastern center of the state to the Gulf of Mexico. Other significant rivers include the Big Black and Yazoo.

The state's largest lakes are all manmade, and they include Enid, Grenada and Sardis, as well as the Ross Barnett Reservoir to the northeast of Jackson.

The coastline of Mississippi includes a series of bays separated from the Gulf of Mexico itself by the very shallow Mississippi Sound, which is fronted by the small islands of Petit Bois, Horn, Ship, and Cat, called (as a group) the Gulf Islands National Seashore.

For a closer look at the topography of Mississippi, view this topographic map

Mississippi Photographs

Bald Cypress Trees (Taxodium Distichum) in Spring Lake, Wall Doxey State Park, Mississippi, USA

Wall Doxey State Park...
by Clint Farlinger
Buy This at Allposters.com

Mississippi Beach at Biloxi Resort, Gulf of Mexico Coast, Mississippi, USA

Mississippi Beach at Biloxi...
by Robert Francis
Buy This at Allposters.com

Mississippi Cities, Counties & Area Codes

City County Area Code
Natchez Adams 601
Corinth Alcorn 662
Liberty Amite 601
Kosciusko Attala 662
Ashland Benton 662
Cleveland Bolivar 662
Calhoun City Calhoun 662
Carrollton Carroll 662
Houston Chickasaw 662
Ackerman Choctaw 662
Port Gibson Claiborne 601
Quitman Clarke 601
West Point Clay 662
Clarksdale Coahoma 662
Crystal Springs Copiah 601
Collins Covington 601
Southaven DeSoto 662
Hattiesburg Forrest 601
Roxie Franklin 601
Lucedale George 601
Richton Greene 601
Grenada Grenada 662
Bay Saint Louis Hancock 228
Gulfport Harrison 228
Jackson Hinds 601
Lexington Holmes 662
Belzoni Humphreys 662
Mayersville Issaquena 662
Fulton Itawamba 662
Ocean Springs Jackson 228
Bay Springs Jasper 601
Fayette Jefferson 601
Prentiss Jefferson Davis 601
Laurel Jones 601
DeKalb Kemper 601
Oxford Lafayette 662
Hattiesburg Lamar 601
Meridian Lauderdale 601
Monticello Lawrence 601
Carthage Leake 601
Tupelo Lee 662
Greenwood Leflore 662
Brookhaven Lincoln 601
Columbus Lowndes 662
Madison Madison 601
Columbia Marion 601
Byhalia Marshall 662
Amory Monroe 662
Winona Montgomery 662
Philadelphia Neshoba 601
Newton Newton 601
Macon Noxubee 662
Starkville Oktibbeha 662
Batesville Panola 662
Picayune Pearl River 601
Beaumont Perry 601
McComb Pike 601
Pontotoc Pontotoc 662
Booneville Prentiss 662
Marks Quitman 662
Brandon Rankin 601
Forest Scott 601
Rolling Fork Sharkey 662
Magee Simpson 601
Taylorsville Smith 601
Wiggins Stone 601
Indianola Sunflower 662
Charleston Tallahatchie 662
Senatobia Tate 662
Ripley Tippah 662
Iuka Tishomingo 662
Tunica Tunica 662
New Albany Union 662
Tylertown Walthall 601
Vicksburg Warren 601
Greenville Washington 662
Waynesboro Wayne 662
Eupora Webster 662
Woodville Wilkinson 601
Louisville Winston 662
Water Valley Yalobusha 662
Yazoo City Yazoo 662
This page was last modified on September 29, 2015.