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Pakistan Facts

  • Name: Pakistan
    (long form) Islamic Republic of Pakistan
  • Capital City: Islamabad (1,330,000 pop.)
  • Pakistan Population: 193,238,868 (2013 est.)
  • World Populations (all countries)
  • Currency: Pakistani rupee
    (conversion rates)

    Pakistani rupee
    1000 rupees
  • Ethnicity: Punjabi 44.68%, Pashtun (Pathan) 15.42%, Sindhi 14.1%, Sariaki 8.38%, Muhajirs 7.57%, Balochi 3.57%, other 6.28%
  • GDP total: $230.5 billion (2012 est.)
  • GDP per capita: $2,900 (2012 est.)
  • Land Sizes
  • Language: Punjabi 48%, Sindhi 12%, Siraiki (a Punjabi variant) 10%, Pashtu 8%, Urdu (official) 8%, Balochi 3%, Hindko 2%, Brahui 1%, English (official; lingua franca of Pakistani elite and most government ministries), Burushaski, and other 8%
  • Largest Cities: (by population) Karachi, Lahore, Faisalabad, Rawalpindi, Gujranwala, Multan, Hyderabad, Peshawar
  • Name: Urdu and Persian meaning 'Land of the Pure,' Pakistan is an acronym of the five Northern units of India: Punjab, Afghan Province, Kashmir, Sind and Baluchistan; the letter 'i' was added as a means of ease in pronunciation
  • National Day: March 23
  • Religion: Muslim 95% (Sunni 75%, Shia 20%), other (includes Christian and Hindu) 5%
  • Symbols

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This page was last modified on April 7, 2017.