Located on the southern fringes of the Sahara Desert, Burkina Faso is mostly a wide, flat plain with hillier land in the west and far southeast.
Southwest, a sandstone massif covers much of the land, and it is here that the highest point of the country is found: Tena Kouron at 2,451 ft. (747 m). The lowest point of the country is the Mouhoun (Black Volta) River at 656 ft. (200 m).
The Black, Red and White Voltas are the major rivers, and all flow south into Ghana.
Out of all the rivers in Burkina Faso, the Black Volta is one of two that flows year-round, with the second being the Komoe. The Niger River basin drains 27% of the surface of the country.
In addition to the rivers, Burkina Faso contains numerous lakes and large ponds; even still, water shortages are a consistent problem, especially in the north as most sources are seasonal.