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Ecuador Geography

Map of Ecuador
Locator Map of Ecuador

Flag of Ecuador

Ecuador's Quick Facts

Land Area 276,841 km2
Water Area 6,720 km2
Total Area 283,561 km2
Population 16,080,778
Population Density 56.71 / km2
Government Type Presidential Republic
GDP (PPP) $182.00 Billion
GDP Per Capita $11,000
Currency Dollar (USD)
Largest Cities
  • Guayaquil (1,952,029)
  • Quito (1,399,814)
  • Cuenca (276,964)
  • Santo Domingo de los Colorados (200,421)
  • Machala (198,123)
  • Manta (183,166)
  • Portoviejo (170,326)
  • Eloy Alfaro (167,784)
  • Esmeraldas (165,216)
  • Ambato (154,369)

Ecuador is divided into four regions: the coastal lowlands and mountains areas; the central Andes Mountains and its two major chains (Cordillera Occidental in the west) and the (Cordillera Oriental in the east); the lower mountains that fade into rolling hills and lowlands of the east, and the territory of the Galapagos Islands - officially called the Archipiélago de Colón - located about 1,000 km to the west.

The Andes includes over 20 peaks at least 13,779 ft. (4,200 m) in height with most located in the Cordillera Occidental. In addition, there are over 30 peaks that are volcanic in nature, including many active ones.

Most rivers in Ecuador rise in the upper elevations of the Andes, flowing east toward the Amazon River, or west into the Pacific Ocean. The most significant include the Babahoyo, Chira, Coca, Curaray, Daule, Esmeraldas, Guayas, Napo, Paztaza, and the Putumayo, on its northeastern border with Colombia.

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