Palau - often referred to as Belau - consists of the far-western portion of the Caroline Islands, including the larger islands of Angaur, Babulthuap, Eil Malk, Koror, Peleiu and Urukthapel.

For over 30 years it was a part of the United Nations Trust Territory of the Pacific under United States administration. It finally gained its total independence in 1994.

Palau is a beautiful tropical paradise, and one of the true unspoiled destinations on the planet. Most of the 100-plus islands are small low-lying coral islands, ringed by barrier reefs. The exception is mountainous Babulthuap, volcanic in origin.

The economy revolves around agriculture and fishing, but scuba diving in the pristine reefs is a growing-in-popularity tourism activity.

Facts and Figures

  • Official Name Palau 
  • Population 20,400 
  • Capital City Koror (11,100) 
  • Flag here 
  • Languages English, Palauan, others 
  • Official Currency US Dollar 
  • Currency Converter here 
  • Religions Christian (50%), others 
  • Land Area 508 sq km (196 sq miles) 
  • Latitude/Longitude 7º 30N, 134º 30E 
  • Highest Point Mt Ngerchelchuus 715 ft. (215 m)


  • Palau Large Color Map here 
  • Palau Map CIA version here 
  • Palau Outline Map here 
  • Palau Maps at UT here 
  • Oceania Maps here 

Suggested Links



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With its location to the immediate north of the Equator, Palau's weather is hot and humid throughout the year.

Average daily high temps are in the low 80s. Rain falls throughout the year, but most occurs from May to November.

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About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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This page was last updated on June 16, 2020.