The island was inhabited by Chamorros some 4,000 years ago, and was discovered by Ferdinand Magellan in 1521. Spainestablished the first colony in 1668, and the island became an important stopover for the Spanish Manila Galleons.
The Japanese occupied Guam for two-and-a-half years, before U.S. troops were able to recapture the island in 1944.
These days, Guam is supported by its tourism industry, that consists primarily of visitors from Japan, as well as its second largest source of income, which comes from the United States Armed Forces.
The flag of Guam was designed on the island, and officially adopted in 1917. As a territory of the United States it features traditional U.S. colors, along with a symbolic seal that includes a swaying palm tree, sand, and the waters of the Pacific Ocean.
The island is volcanic in origin, and ringed by steep coastal cliffs and sandy beaches. Mountains are primarily located on the southern end of Guam, with the northern region of the island sloping into low hills. Deepwater channels and a coral table reef are located along much of the coast.
The highest point is Mount Lamlam at 1,338 ft. (408 m).
Guam is a popular tourist destination, especially forJapanese
travelers. The city of Tumon is a tourist hub, and boasts over 20 large hotels, various shopping centers, an indoor aquarium, Las Vegas style shows, and has seven public golf courses.
For the more laid back, the southern part of the island holds historical villages, stunning waterfalls, and immaculate beaches.
Guam experiences a tropical climate, and is generally warm and humid. Northeast trade winds moderate the temperature, which ranges in the 80's (26°C) annually.
January through June is typically the dry season, with the rainy season lasting from July to December. Annual precipitation is 92 inches (2,336 mm).