|Land Area||7,682,300 km2|
|Water Area||58,920 km2|
|Total Area||7,741,220km2 (#6)|
|Government Type||Parliamentary Democracy (Federal Parliament) Under A Constitutional Monarchy; A Commonwealth Realm|
|GDP (PPP)||$1,190.00 Billion|
|GDP Per Capita||$48,800|
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The Australian Flag was first flown in 1901. The flag consists of three elements: the Union Jack, the Commonwealth Star and the Southern Cross.
In the upper left corner the Union Jack represents Australia's association with Great Britain. Directly below the Union Jack is the white Commonwealth, or Federation star. Six of the stars represent the unity of the states. The seventh point, added to stars in 1909, denotes territories of the Commonwealth of Australia.
The Southern Cross with its five stars, is on the right side of the flag. The stars are a reminder of Australia's geographical location, as this constellation can only be seen from the southern hemisphere.
Larger Australia flag
Australia Coat of Arms:
The Australia Coat of Arms consists of a shield portraying the badges of the six Australian states, enclosed by an ermine border. The three states on the top half, from left to right are New South Wales, Victoria and Queensland. The bottom half, from left to right are South Australia, Western Australia and Tasmania. The shield symbolizes the federation of the states, which took place in 1901.
Supporting the Coat of Arms are the red kangaroo and the emu, native Australian animals. Neither animal can walk backwards, thus representing progress and an unwillingness to back down. The background contains a wreath of Golden Wattle, the official national flora emblem. At the bottom of the Coat of Arms is a scroll containing the name Australia.
Above the shield is the crest, a seven-pointed gold star on a blue and gold wreath. Six of the points are representative of the states of the Commonwealth, the seventh point represents the territories of Australia.
About the AuthorJohn Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.
Australia territories, states & their capitals
What is the Official Language of Australia?
English is the de facto national language of Australia.
What Languages Are Spoken In Australia?
What are the Major Industries in Australia?
The service industry comprises of over 70% of the Australia GDP. It dominates the economy, which employs over 79% of the labor force. Other major industries include tourism, healthcare, media, finance, and mining.
What Are The Biggest Industries In Australia?
What Are the Major Ethnic Backgrounds of Australians?
67.4% of Australians cite British heritage. 8.7% of Australians claim Irish ancestry, 3.8% claim Italian, and 3.7% claim German. Australians of Chinese heritage represent 3.6% of the population, while Aboriginal Australians account for 3% of the population.
Demographics and Ethnic Groups of Australia
What is the Biggest State and Territory in Australia?
The biggest territory in Australia is Western Australia, which has a land area of 2.5 square kilometers. Queensland is the largest state with a land area of 1.7 square kilometers.
Australian States and Territories By Population
What Kind of Plants Live in Australia?
Some of the native plant species of Australia include the archer's eremophila, the lance-leaved sundew and the bull kauri.
Native Plants Of Australia
What Kind of Government Does Australia Have?
Australia is governed by both the federal government and the state and territory governments. Queen Elizabeth II is Australia's head of state under a constitutional monarchy.