1. Home
  2. North America
  3. Turks and Caicos

Turks and Caicos

Map of Turks and Caicos atlantic ocean turks and caicos rico map
Locator Map of Turks and Caicos bahamas florida gulf of mexico mexico jamaica dominican republic st. vincent and the grenadines grenada central america atlantic ocean atlantic ocean usa honduras nicaragua panama caribbean sea pacific ocean puerto rico south america trinidad and tobago colombia barbados

Turks and Caicos's Information

Flag of Turks and Caicos
Land Area 948 km2
Water Area 0 km2
Total Area 948 km2
Population 51,430
Population Density 54.25 / km2
Government Type Parliamentary Democracy (House Of Assembly); Self-Governing Overseas Territory Of The Uk
GDP (PPP) $632.00 Million
GDP Per Capita $29,100
Currency Dollar (USD)
Largest Cities
  • Cockburn Town (3,720)

The Turks and Caicos Islands are a British Overseas Territory consisting of two groups of tropical islands, the larger Caicos Islands and the smaller Turks Islands.

taino

For nearly seven centuries they were the sole residents of the island; they lived peacefully, and perfected their farming and fishing skills.

Soon after the Spanish arrived in 1492, they began to capture as many Tainos as possible and ship them back to Hispaniola as slaves. In a few short years, these islands were all but void of people.

During the next few centuries the Turks and Caicos were passively explored by the British, French and Spanish, but none of them ever established any permanent settlements.

In the late 17th century salt collectors from Bermuda settled here for one reason - salt. They raked the salt (a precious commodity) from the shallow waters, loaded it on their ships and returned to Bermuda.

In the 1770s the French captured the Turks and Caicos, and these isolated islands soon proved a safe retreat for British Loyalists fleeing the American colonies during the Revolutionary War.

In 1799, the British annexed the islands into their Bahamas colony. That consolidation movement had little success, and the effort to integrate them failed in the end.

In 1841, a Spanish slave ship named the Trouvadore shipwrecked near East Caicos in the course of a run transporting African slaves to be sold to the sugar plantations in Cuba.

192 Africans aboard survived, and those who remained served the British as apprentices in varied trades for one year; they were also taught English, and later freed.

The "Great Bahamas Hurricane" of 1874 devastated the Bahamas and the Turks and Caicos. Consequently, the British annexed the islands to Jamaica because of governmental and medical reasons.

Robert Borden

In August of 1962, Jamaica was granted independence from Britain, and the Turks & Caicos Islands became a British crown colony that same year. Even though independence talk has surfaced on occasion, it's still a crown colony today.

Today the Turks and Caicos are a leading international investment center for the offshore investor. The islands are a (zero tax) jurisdiction and therefore have no taxes on income, capitol gains, corporate profits or estates.

In addition, tourism is a major business here; the seven-mile Grace Bay Beach on the Island of Providenciales is rated by travel experts as one of the best beaches in the world, and all inclusive resorts, fishing, snorkeling and scuba diving are major draws.

Latest by WorldAtlas