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Cuba History Timeline

Cuba's Information

Flag of Cuba
Land Area 109,820 km2
Water Area 1,040 km2
Total Area 110,860km2 (#104)
Population 11,179,995 (#78)
Population Density 101.80/km2
Government Type Communist State
GDP (PPP) $133.00 Billion
GDP Per Capita $11,900
Currency Peso (CUP)
Largest Cities

About Cuba

1200s - 1700s

  • (1250) Taino Indians arrived in Cuba
  • (1492) Christopher Columbus discovered Cuba, claimed for Spain
  • (1511) Diego Colon settled Cuba; Diego de Velazquez appointed governor of Cuba by Spain
  • (1526) Slaves imported from Africa
  • (1762) King George III declared war on Spain; Havana captured by British forces led by Admiral George Pocock and Lord Albemarle
  • (1763) Havana returned to Spain by Treaty of Paris
  • (1810) King of Spain overthrown by Napoleon
  • (1868-78) Ten Years War of Independence ended in truce with Spain
  • (1886) Slavery abolished
  • (1898) US defeated Spain, gave up all claims to Cuba, ceded Cuba to US
  • (1902) Cuba became independent with Tomas Estrada Palma as president; Platt Amendment kept island under US protection, gave US right to intervene in Cuban affairs
  • (1906-09) President Estrada resigned; US occupied Cuba following rebellion led by Jose Miguel Gomez
  • (1909) Jose Miguel Gomez elected president
  • (1912) US forces returned to Cuba to help quell black protests against discrimination
  • (1924) Gerado Machado established dictatorship
  • (1925) Socialist party founded, formed basis of the Communist Party
  • (1933) Gerado Machado overthrown in coup led by Sergeant Fulgencio Batista
  • (1934) US relinquished right to intervene in internal affairs of Cuba
  • (1944) Fulgencio Batista retired; civilian Ramon Gray San Martin became president of Cuba
  • (1952) Fulgencio Batista took power again
  • (1953) Fidel Castro led unsuccessful revolution against Batista
  • (1956) Fidel Castro, Che Guevara led revolution
  • (1958) US withdrew military aid to Fulgencio Batista
  • (1959) Fidel Castro led Communist revolution with Che Guevara; rebel army overthrew President Fulgencio Batista
  • (1960) Cuba with Soviet Union, Communist policies; Cuban Communist State established with Russian backing; all US businesses in Cuba nationalized without compensation
  • (1961) Washington broke off all diplomatic relations with Havana; US sponsored abortive invasion by Cuban exiles at the Bay of Pigs
  • (1962) Cuban missile crisis ignited; Castro agreed to allow USSR to deploy nuclear missiles on island; crisis resolved when USSR agreed to remove missiles in return for withdrawal of US nuclear missiles from Turkey; Organization of American States (OAS) suspended Cuba over incompatible adherence to Marxism-Leninism
  • (1965) Cuba's sole political party renamed Cuban Communist Party
  • (1972) Cuba became full member of Soviet-based Council for Mutual Economic Assistance
  • (1976) Cuban Communist Party approved new socialist constitution; Castro elected president
  • (1976-81) Cuba sent troops to intervene in African disputes
  • (1980) 125,000 Cubans, many released convicts, fled to US
  • (1988) Cuba agreed to withdraw its troops from Angola
  • (1991) USSR collapsed
  • (1993) US tightened embargo on Cuba
  • (1994) Cuba signed agreement with US, US agreed to admit 20,000 Cubans a year in return for Cuba to halt exodus of refugees
  • (1996) US trade embargo in place
  • (1998) US eased restrictions on sending of money to relatives by Cuban Americans
  • (1999) Cuban child, Elian Gonzalez, picked up off Florida coast after boat capsized with; Miami-based Cuban exiles started campaign to keep Elian with relatives
  • (2000) Elian allowed to rejoin father in Cuba after prolonged court battles; US House of Representatives approved sale of food, medicines to Cuba; Russian President Vladimir Putin, visited Cuba, signed accords aimed at boosting bilateral ties
  • (2001) US exported food to Cuba after request from Cuban government to help cope with aftermath of Hurricane Michelle
  • (2002) Russia's last military base in Cuba at Lourdes closed; National Assembly amended constitution to make socialist system of government permanent
  • (2004) UN Human Rights Commission censured Cuba over rights record; US sanctions restricted US-Cuba family visits, cash remittances from expatriates; President Castro announced ban on transactions in US dollars, imposed 10% tax on dollar-peso conversions
  • (2005) Hurricane Dennis caused widespread destruction, 16 died
  • (2006) President Fidel Castro underwent surgery; temporarily handed over control of the government to brother, Raul
  • (2008) Raul Castro took over as president after Fidel Castro announced retirement
  • (2009) US Congress voted to lift Bush Administration restrictions on Cuban-Americans visits to Havana; Cuba signed agreement with Russia, allowed oil exploration in Cuban waters of Gulf of Mexico
  • (2010) Political prisoner Orlando Zapata Tamayo died after 85 days on hunger strike
  • (2011) US President Barack Obama relaxed restrictions on travel to Cuba

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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This page was last updated on July 10, 2020.