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Antigua and Barbuda History Timeline

Antigua and Barbuda's Information

Flag of Antigua and Barbuda
Land Area 443 km2
Total Area 443km2 (#181)
Population 93,581 (#196)
Population Density 211.24/km2
Government Type Parliamentary Democracy (Parliament) Under A Constitutional Monarchy; A Commonwealth Realm
GDP (PPP) $2.17 Billion
GDP Per Capita $24,100
Currency Dollar (XCD)
More Information Antigua and Barbuda


  • (1493) Christopher Columbus visited Antigua, named it after Church of Santa Maria de la Antigua in Seville, Spain
  • (1632) English settlers from St. Kitts colonized Antigua
  • (1667) In accordance with Treaty of Breda, France formally ended claim to Antigua
  • (1674) Sugar planter from Barbados, Christopher Codrington, set up sugar plantation in Antigua
  • (1685) Codrington leased island of Barbuda from British crown; African slaves imported to grow tobacco crops, sugarcane on plantations
  • (1834) Antigua slaves emancipated
  • (1860) Barbuda reverted back to British crown
  • (1871-1956) Antigua and Barbuda administrated together as part of the Leeward Islands federation
  • (1946-71) Vere Bird's Antigua Labor Party (APL) held power
  • (1958-62) Antigua and Barbuda part of British-sponsored West Indies Federation
  • (1967) Antigua and Barbuda became self-governing state within the British Commonwealth; Britain retained control of defense and foreign affairs; Antigua hosted first Antigua sailing week
  • (1969) Barbuda separatist movement began
  • (1971) Progressive Labor Movement, George Walter, beat APL, Vere Bird, in the general elections; George Walter replaced Vere Bird as prime minister
  • (1972) Sugar industry closed
  • (1976) ALP, Vere Bird, returned to power
  • (1981) Antigua and Barbuda gained independence from Britain
  • (1983) Antigua and Barbuda supported US invasion of Grenada
  • (1993) Vere Bird resigned as prime minister, replaced by son Lester Bird
  • (1994) ALP, Lester Bird, won general elections
  • (1995) Riots erupted against new taxes; Hurricane Luis hit islands, claimed 75% of all homes
1900s continued
  • (1998) Government closed down six Russian-owned banks accused of money laundering
  • (1999) ALP won general elections again; Hurricane Jose's direct hit caused extensive damage
  • (2001) Antigua fully cooperative with multi-national Financial Action Task Force against money laundering
  • (2004) Baldwin Spencer, leader of United Progressive Party, sworn in as prime minister; parliament passed anti-corruption bill
  • (2005) Personal income tax re-introduced
  • (2007) World Trade Organization ordered US to pay compensation to Antigua over online gambling trade dispute
  • (2009) Prime Minister Baldwin Spencer led United Progressive Party to victory again; Leroy King, Antigua's chief financial regulator, dismissed after being charged with helping Texas billionaire Allen Stanford, Antigua's single largest private investor, in fraud scheme coverup

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