Montserrat is a British Overseas Territory and a part of the Leeward Islands chain in the Caribbean. It has an area of 102 sq. km (39 sq mi). This mountainous, pear-shaped island is currently increasing in size because of the build up of volcanic deposits on the southeast coast.
The island is measured at 16km (10 miles) long and 11km (7 miles) wide, with rock cliffs rising 15 to 30 m (50-100ft) above the sea and smooth bottomed sandy beaches scattered among coves on the west ( Caribbean) side of the island.
The island's highest point is located in the Soufriere Hills, but a definitive height is unavailable due to the consistent eruptions of the volcano. Scattered small streams drains the northern reaches of the island.
Montserrat is divided into 3 parishes. The parishes are: Saint Anthony, Saint Georges and Saint Peter.
Located on the south western coast of the island was Plymouth – the capital and the only port of the island country. The volcanic eruptions led to the complete destruction of the entire city and hence the administrative capital was relocated to Brades – the newly-built capital and the largest city of Montserrat; located in the north western part of the island.
Montserrat is a British Overseas Territory and a part of the Leeward Islands chain in the Caribbean. It is positioned both in the Northern and Western hemispheres of the Earth. Montserrat is situated in the southwest of Antigua; in the southeast of Redonda and the northwest of Guadeloupe. The island of Montserrat is surrounded by the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean.
Regional Maps: Map of North America
|Capital City||Plymouth; note - Plymouth was abandoned in 1997 because of volcanic activity; interim government buildings have been built at Brades Estate, the de facto capital, in the Carr's Bay/Little Bay vicinity at the northwest end of Montserrat|
|16 42 N, 62 13 W|
|Independence||none (overseas territory of the UK)|
|Total Area||102.00 km2|
|Land Area||102.00 km2|
|Water Area||0.00 km2|
|Total Border||0.0 km|
|Climate||Tropical; little daily or seasonal temperature variation|
|Coordinates||16 45 N, 62 12 W|
|Mean Elevation||0 m|
|Lowest Elevation||0 m|
|Highest Elevation||2,015 m|
|Soufriere Hills volcano pre-eruption height was 915 m; current lava dome is subject to periodic build up and collapse; estimated dome height was 1,050 m in|
|Ethnic Groups||African/black 88.4%, mixed 3.7%, hispanic/Spanish 3%, caucasian/white 2.7%, East Indian/Indian 1.5%, other 0.7% (2011 est.)|
|Religions||Protestant 67.1% (includes Anglican 21.8%, Methodist 17%, Pentecostal 14.1%, Seventh Day Adventist 10.5%, and Church of God 3.7%), Roman Catholic 11.6%, Rastafarian 1.4%, other 6.5%, none 2.6%, unspecified 10.8% (2001 est.)|
|Currency||East Caribbean dollars (XCD)|
|Exports||Electronic components, plastic bags, apparel; hot peppers, limes, live plants; cattle|
This page was last updated on November 11, 2020