The San Marino flag was officially adopted on April 6, 1862. Blue is symbolic of the sky above, while white represents the snow covering Mt. Titano, San Marino's highest point.
San Marino's coat of arms consists of a blue shield surmounted by a closed crown symbolizing sovereignty.
Within the blue shield are three green mountains representing the summits of Monte Titano, and three towers representing the citadels of San Marino (La Guaita, La Cesta and La Montale).
Surrounding the crown and shield are branches of oak and laurel, which symbolize stability and defense.
San Marino's motto 'Libertas' (freedom) is displayed on a ribbon below the shield.