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Moldova History Timeline

Moldova's Information

Flag of Moldova
Land Area 32,891 km2
Water Area 960 km2
Total Area 33,851km2 (#135)
Population 3,510,485 (#133)
Population Density 106.73/km2
Government Type Parliamentary Republic
GDP (PPP) $18.54 Billion
GDP Per Capita $5,200
Currency Leu (MDL)
Largest Cities
14th century – 19th century
  • (14-15th centuries) Principality of Moldova stretched between Carpathian Mountains and Dniester River
  • (16th-early 19th century) Moldova territory disputed by Ottoman Empire and Russia; numerous wars took place
  • (1812) In Treaty of Bucharest, Russia acquired Bessarabia (Moldova), the area between the River Prut and the west bank of the Dniester river; Ottoman Empire gained control of western Moldova
  • (1878) Independence of Romanian state, included western Moldova, recognized by Ottomans pagan
  • (1907) Romanian army stopped a Moldavian farmers' revolt
  • (1918) Bessarabia (Moldova) declared independence, followed by the Bolshevik revolution in Russia; parliament called for union with Romania
  • (1920) Union of Bessarabia (Moldova) with Romania recognized by the Treaty of Paris
  • (1924) Bolsheviks formed the Moldovan Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic, took over a large part of Romania
  • (1939) Romania split up between Germany and Stalin's USSR; Bessarabia (Moldova) went to USSR
  • (1940) Moldova formed from the former Republic of Moldavia and the ceded Romanian territory of Bessarabia
  • (1941) Thousands of Jewish community leaders in Bessarabia (Moldova) were deported to Siberia; German and Romanian troops reoccupied Moldova
  • (1944) Death march of 1,200 Jews from Lipcani, Moldavia began
  • (1989) Romanian reinstated as official language; Latin script adapted to replace the Cyrillic script (Russian)
  • (1990) Moldova declared its sovereignty
  • (1991) Moldova declared independence from USSR
  • (1992) Moldova became a member of United Nations; fighting in Trans-Dniester region led to a state of emergency, hundreds died; Russian peacekeepers deployed
  • (1993) Leu currency replaced the rouble
  • (1994) New constitution proclaimed Moldova's neutrality; Moldovan became official language
  • (1995) Death penalty abolished
  • (1996) Petru Lucinschi elected president
  • (1997) Trans-Dniester negotiations resumed; signed agreement, granted further autonomy and more talks
  • (1998) Ion Ciubuc appointed prime minister
  • (1999) Ion Ciubuc resigned as prime minister, blamed parliament for not supporting his efforts to implement market reforms; OSCE summit in Istanbul set 2002 deadline for withdrawal of Russian troops from Trans-Dniester; Russia cut off natural gas deliveries due to debt of $600 million
  • (2001) Vladimir Voronin elected president; Moldova passed its first laws against sex trafficking; Trans-Dniester authorities halted withdrawal of Russian arms
  • (2002) Trans-Dniester authorities agreed to allow resumption of Russian withdrawal in exchange for a Russian promise to cut gas debts; OSCE extended deadline for withdrawal of Russian weapons from Trans-Dniester until 2004
  • (2003) President Voronin pulled out of signing Russian proposed deal on trans-Dniester settlement followed by protests of nationalists; Moldova passed laws against sex trafficking with minimum prison sentences
  • (2004) Moldovan Foreign Minister Andrei Stratan, called 1,500 Russian troops in Trans-Dniester a "military occupation"; Defense Minister Gaiciuc dismissed in row over thefts from arms depots
  • (2005) New parliament returned Vladimir Voronin for a second term as president; a Ukrainian plan for Trans-Dniester called for Russia to withdraw troops by end of year; Austrian authorities reported the break-up of a major human trafficking ring
  • (2006) Russian health and sanitary officials imposed a ban on Georgian and Moldovan wines, wines contained pesticides and hard metals; Gazprom, Russian gas giant, cut off supplies when Moldova refused to pay twice the previous price, temporary compromise reached; Chisinau protested Russian decision to suspend imports of Moldovan wine, said move was politically motivated; Trans-Dniester referendum vote backed independence from Moldova, plan to eventually become part of Russia
  • (2008) Prime Minister Vasile Tarlev resigned; President Voronin nominated Deputy Prime Minister Zinaida Greceanii, as Moldova's first woman premier; President Vladimir Voronin and Trans-Dniester leader Igor Smirnov agreed to restart peace talks
  • (2009) Moldova left without supplies, due to Russian-Ukrainian dispute over gas prices; President Voronin elected as parliament speaker; parliamentary polls showed communists lost their majority; Voronin resigned, succeeded by Mihai Ghimpu as speaker; Vlad Filat became prime minister; Voronin resigned as president, succeeded by Ghimpu as acting president; in Moldova, four pro-western parties that upset the Communists in recent elections agreed on a coalition deal to form a new government
  • (2009) Civil unrest in major cities – demonstrators claimed elections were fraudulent, demanded recount, new election or resignation of the government
  • (2010) Constitutional court ordered new parliamentary election to be held to end deadlock over parliament's failure to elect president; referendum to hold direct election of president by people failed, due to low turnout; referendum was proposed by the pro-western liberal governing coalition to break Moldova's political impasse; Acting President Mihai Ghimpu, set November date for new parliamentary election; outgoing ruling coalition failed again to secure enough seats to appoint a new president
  • (2011) Moldova's Constitutional Court ruled that Parliament is the only institution which can decide when to hold a new presidential election. Present government, did not have required number of deputies, remained in charge, no presidential election would be held
  • (2011) Chisinau explosion (car) killed tennis federation chief, Igor Turcan
This page was last updated on July 10, 2020.

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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