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Yemen History Timeline

Map of Yemen
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Yemen's Information

Flag of Yemen
Land Area 527,968 km2
Water Area 0 km2
Total Area 527,968 km2
Population 27,392,779
Population Density 51.88 / km2
Government Type In Transition
GDP (PPP) $73.45 Billion
GDP Per Capita $2,500
Currency Rial (YER)
Largest Cities
  • Sanaa (1,937,451)
  • Al Hudaydah (617,871)
  • Ta`izz (615,222)
  • Aden (550,602)
  • Al Mukalla (258,132)
  • Ibb (234,837)
  • Dhamar (160,114)
  • 'Amran (90,792)
  • Sayyan (69,404)
  • Zabid (52,590)
  • (1000 BC) Trading of frankincense created state of Saba, centered around trade routes, citizens worshipped idols
  • (395) Christianity named new state religion by Holy Roman Emperor Theodisius. Christians were reluctant to use and trade frankincense, caused decline
  • (570) Dam at Ma'rib broke, Saba suffered from drought
  • (575) Persians took control of Saba
  • (628) Persian governor converted to Islam, first mosque built in Sana'a
  • (897) Zayidi dynasty took over the power in the north as a strict Islamic state
1400's - 1800's
  • (1454) Kathirids took control in the south
  • (1513) Turkish Ottomans gained power
  • (1636) Ottoman control ended by Zayidis imams
  • (1839) British took control of port of Aden
  • (1869) Suez Canal opened linking Red and Mediterranean Seas
1900's
  • (1905) "Violet Line" established by line drawn across Arabia with Turks in the north, British in the south
  • (1918) Ottoman empire dissolved, North Yemen gained independence, ruled by Imam Yahya
  • (1934) Treaties with Britain and Saudi Arabia, signed by Imam Yahya, established borders of north and south sate of Yemeni
  • (1948) Imam Yahya assassinated, son Ahmad became Imam
  • (1955) Ahmad survived assassination attempt
  • (1958 North Yemen joined Egypt, Syria in Union of Arab States
  • (1962) Ahmad died, succeeded by son, al-Badr
  • (1962) Imam al-Badr overthrown by Army, Yemen Arab Republic (YAR) established
  • (1967) People's Democratic Republic of Yemen (PDRY), founded in southern Yemen after British left Aden
  • (1971) Following a crackdown on dissidents, thousands flee north
1900's continued
  • (1972) Arab League brokered cease fire between YAR and PDRY
  • (1975) North Yemen conducted first nation-wide elections
  • (1978) After murder of predecessor, Ali Abdullah Saleh became president of YAR
  • (1979) New fighting between YAR and PDRY started
  • (1982) Earthquake near Dhamar, North Yemen; 2,800 killed, 1,500 injured
  • (1986) New government formed between Extreme Marxists and PDRY after thousands died from political rivalry
  • (1986) President Ali Nasser Muhammad fled the country, new government formed
  • (1990) Iraq invaded Kuwait, Yemen sided with Iraq
  • (1990) Unified Republic of Yemen established, Saleh became president
  • (1992) Riots with thousands of demonstrators over food prices took place in major cities, hundreds were arrested
  • (1993) Ruling parties from north and south formed new coalition government
  • (1994) Southern government members dismissed following political deadlock and fighting; Saleh declared state of emergency
1900's continued
  • (1994) Al-Baid declared independence of Democratic Republic of Yemen
  • (1994) Northern forces took control of Aden
  • (1999) Saleh won reelection with 92% of vote
2000's
  • (2000) U.S. Navy destroyer, USS Cole, attacked by suicide bombers while at dock in Aden, 17 killed, 39 injured, ten arrested
  • (2000) Bomb exploded at British Embassy
  • (2001) President of Yemin said he would join fight against terrorism
  • (2002) Bombing attack on Supertanker Limburg off Yemeni coast blamed on al-Qaeda
  • (2003) Suspects in bombing of USS Cole escaped from custody
  • (2004) Government troops in the north battled supporters of cleric Hussein al-Houthi
  • (2004) 15 men sentenced on terrorism charges, included bombing of Linburg Supertanker
  • (2004) Cleric Hussein al-Houthi killed by government forces
  • (2005) During fighting between government forces and al-Houthi supporters, over 200 were killed
  • (2005) Clashes between police and demonstrators protesting cut in fuel subsidies killed 36 people
  • (2005) Landslide destroyed mountain village near Sana'a, 60 killed
  • (2006) President Saleh again won reelection with 77% of vote
  • (2007 - 2008) Government forces clash with rebel groups in north and south Yemen, hundreds killed
  • (2007) Cease fire accepted by rebel leader, Abdul-Malik al-Houthi
  • (2007) Eight Spaniards, two Yemenis killed by suicide bomber when tourist convoy attacked in Marib
  • (2008) US Embassy evacuated all non-essential personnel after series of bomb attacks on official, diplomatic, police, tourism targets and foreign businesses
  • (2008) American Embassy attack in Sana'a killed 18
  • (2008) Demonstrators at rally in Sana'a demanded electoral reform, fresh polls
  • (2009) 176 al-Qaeda suspects released by government on condition of good behavior
  • (2009) Nine foreigners were abducted in Saada region, three killed, six missing
  • (2009) Thousands of people displaced by fighting between Yemeni army and Shia rebels in northern Saada province
2000's continued
  • (2009) Northern rebels and Saudi security forces clashed along countries' common border
  • (2009) Saudi Arabia regained control of area seized by Yemeni rebels
  • (2010) Yemeni government signed cease fire agreement with rebels in north, rebel clashes in south continued
  • (2010) 178 captives released by northern rebels
  • (2010) Packages containing explosives on cargo planes from Yemen to the U.S. caused global terror alert
  • (2010) Fighting with Houthi rebels killed 3,000 soldiers
  • (2011) President Salah announced he would not extend his presidency in 2013
  • (2011) Pro-reform demonstrations continued. At camp in Sana'a, police snipers opened fire, killed 50
  • (2011) State of emergency imposed due to protests
  • (2011) Airport shuts down, thousands fled city, dozens died in clashes between tribal fighters, troops in Sana'a
  • (2011) President Saleh injured in rocket attack, evacuated to Saudi Arabia; returned after recovery
  • (2011) Al-Qaeda leader, Anwar al-Awlaki, assassinated by US forces
  • (2011) President Saleh transferred power to Abdrabbuh Mansour Hadi, his deputy
  • (2011) Unity government was formed
  • (2012) President Saleh left country

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