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Yemen History Timeline

Yemen's Information

Flag of Yemen
Land Area 527,968 km2
Total Area 527,968km2 (#49)
Population 27,392,779 (#47)
Population Density 51.88/km2
Government Type In Transition
GDP (PPP) $73.45 Billion
GDP Per Capita $2,500
Currency Rial (YER)
Largest Cities

See Also

BC - 800's AD
  • (1000 BC) Trading of frankincense created state of Saba, centered around trade routes, citizens worshipped idols
  • (395) Christianity named new state religion by Holy Roman Emperor Theodisius. Christians were reluctant to use and trade frankincense, caused decline
  • (570) Dam at Ma'rib broke, Saba suffered from drought
  • (575) Persians took control of Saba
  • (628) Persian governor converted to Islam, first mosque built in Sana'a
  • (897) Zayidi dynasty took over the power in the north as a strict Islamic state
1400's - 1800's
  • (1454) Kathirids took control in the south
  • (1513) Turkish Ottomans gained power
  • (1636) Ottoman control ended by Zayidis imams
  • (1839) British took control of port of Aden
  • (1869) Suez Canal opened linking Red and Mediterranean Seas
1900's
  • (1905) "Violet Line" established by line drawn across Arabia with Turks in the north, British in the south
  • (1918) Ottoman empire dissolved, North Yemen gained independence, ruled by Imam Yahya
  • (1934) Treaties with Britain and Saudi Arabia, signed by Imam Yahya, established borders of north and south sate of Yemeni
  • (1948) Imam Yahya assassinated, son Ahmad became Imam
  • (1955) Ahmad survived assassination attempt
  • (1958 North Yemen joined Egypt, Syria in Union of Arab States
  • (1962) Ahmad died, succeeded by son, al-Badr
  • (1962) Imam al-Badr overthrown by Army, Yemen Arab Republic (YAR) established
  • (1967) People's Democratic Republic of Yemen (PDRY), founded in southern Yemen after British left Aden
  • (1971) Following a crackdown on dissidents, thousands flee north
1900's continued
  • (1972) Arab League brokered cease fire between YAR and PDRY
  • (1975) North Yemen conducted first nation-wide elections
  • (1978) After murder of predecessor, Ali Abdullah Saleh became president of YAR
  • (1979) New fighting between YAR and PDRY started
  • (1982) Earthquake near Dhamar, North Yemen; 2,800 killed, 1,500 injured
  • (1986) New government formed between Extreme Marxists and PDRY after thousands died from political rivalry
  • (1986) President Ali Nasser Muhammad fled the country, new government formed
  • (1990) Iraq invaded Kuwait, Yemen sided with Iraq
  • (1990) Unified Republic of Yemen established, Saleh became president
  • (1992) Riots with thousands of demonstrators over food prices took place in major cities, hundreds were arrested
  • (1993) Ruling parties from north and south formed new coalition government
  • (1994) Southern government members dismissed following political deadlock and fighting; Saleh declared state of emergency

Yemen Trivia

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About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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