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Qatar History Timeline

Qatar's Information

Flag of Qatar
Land Area 11,586 km2
Total Area 11,586km2 (#158)
Population 2,258,283 (#143)
Population Density 194.91/km2
Government Type Absolute Monarchy
GDP (PPP) $335.00 Billion
GDP Per Capita $129,700
Currency Rial (QAR)
Largest Cities
600s AD - 1800s
  • (600s) Qatar was part of the Rightly Guided Caliphate, founded after Prophet Muhammad's death
  • (1700s) Pearling and trading settlements were established along coast by migrants
  • (1867) Doha nearly destroyed during conflict with Bahrain over territorial claims
  • (1867) Britain signed treaty recognizing Qatar as a separate entity from Bahrain
  • (1871 - 1913) Qatar's Emir invited Turkish Ottoman forces to establish garrison
  • (1916) Britain and Qatar signed agreement that Britain would protect Qatar and would control its external affairs
  • (1939) Oil reserves discovered
  • (1950s) Qatar's infrastructure was expanded and modernized with oil revenues
  • (1968) Britain announced withdrawal from Gulf
  • (1968) Qatar, Bahrain, United Arab Emirates negotiated forming a federation
  • (1971) Qatar became independent
  • (1971) World's largest gas field was discovered in Qatar, construction of gas plant began
  • (1972) Khalifa bin Hamad Al Thani gained power in a palace coup by seizing power from his cousin
  • (1972) Emir Sheik Khalifa reorganized government, amended constitution, expanded Cabinet
  • (1981) Qatar one of the founding nations of the Gulf Cooperation Council
  • (1984) Gulf Cooperation Council agreed to create two-brigade consisting of 10,000 troops Peninsula Shield Force, to be based in Saudi Arabia, near Kuwait and Iraq borders
  • (1990) Following invasion of Kuwait by Iraq, Qatar allowed foreign forces on its soil
  • (1990) Qatari forces helped liberate Kuwait
  • (1995) A bloodless coup deposed Sheikh Khalifa by his son, Sheik Hamad Bin Khalifa al-Thani
  • (1995) Emir Hamad abolished information ministry that controlled newspaper and broadcasting
  • (1995) Women given right to vote
  • (1996) Al-Jazeera satellite TV launched
  • (1999) First democratic municipal elections held since 1971, women allowed to vote, stand as candidates for municipal councils
  • (2000) Emir's cousin, 32 other people were jailed for planning failed coup in 1996
  • (2001) Long-running border disputes with Saudi Arabia and Bahrain were settled
  • (2002) Iraq and Qatar signed free-trade agreement, dropped customs duties and eased flow of goods between the two countries
  • (2003) U.S. Central Command forward base established in Qatar, served as nerve center during military campaign in Iraq
  • (2003) New constitution providing for 45-member parliament with 30 elected members approved
  • (2003) Emir named younger son Prince Tamim, Crown Prince, replaced Prince Jassim
  • (2004) Chechnya's exiled former president Zelimkhan Yandarbiyev was assassinated when a bomb blew apart his car in Doha
  • (2004) Chechnya's exiled former president Zelimkhan Yandarbiyev was assassinated when a bomb blew apart his car in Doha
  • (2004) Relations with Russia deteriorated when Qatar sentenced two Russian agents to life sentences in killing of Yandarbiyev
  • (2005) Suicide car bomb in Doha killed one, injured 12
  • (2005) First written constitution went into effect
  • (2005) Qatar announced in would donate $100 million to relief efforts for U.S. victims of Hurricane Katrina
  • (2005) $14 billion joint project to build world's largest liquefied natural gas plant launched by Qatar and U.S.
  • (2006) Qatar offered Palestinian government $50 million in aid after U.S. and EU stopped funding
  • (2006) Qatar hosted Asian Games
  • (2007) Prime Minister Sheik Abdullah bin Khalifa Al Thani resigned; Emir appointed the foreign minister, Sheik Hamad bin Jassem al Thani, as his replacement
  • (2007) Qatar and Dubai became two largest shareholders of the London Stock Exchange
  • (2008) First official Christian Church, St. Mary's Roman Catholic Church, opened in Qatar, allowed Christians to worship openly
  • (2008) Ethiopia accused Qatar with destabilizing the Horn of Africa region, severed diplomatic relations
  • (2008) Saudi Arabia and Qatar agreed to delineation of borders
  • (2009) Trade ties with Israel cut over Gaza offensive
  • (2010) Qatar and Iran signed defense pact
  • (2010) Qatar selected to host 2022 World Cup
  • (2011) Qatar joined international military operations in Libya
  • (2011) Qatar hosted meeting of international contact group, called on Muammar Gaddafi, Libyan leader, to quit
  • (2011) Qatari Embassy in Damascus, Syria suspended operations due to recent protests against Al-Jazeera's coverage of Syrian uprising
  • (2012) Qatar ordered citizens to leave Lebanon
  • (2012) Sheikh Hamid proposed Arab countries should send troops into Syria to stop government forces from killing civilians
  • (2013) Taliban announced the opening of a political office in Qatar to work on political solution to Afghanistan war
  • (2013) Emir Sheik Hamad bin Khalifa al-Thani abdicated, formally handed power to son Sheik Tamim bin Hamad al-Thani
  • (2014) 12 people were killed when gas tank exploded in Turkish restaurant in Doha
  • (2014) Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, Egypt withdrew ambassadors from Qatar due to its support of the Muslim Brotherhood and allied Islamists
This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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