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Bahrain History Timeline

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Bahrain's Information

Flag of Bahrain
Land Area 760 km2
Water Area 0 km2
Total Area 760 km2
Population 1,378,904
Population Density 1,814.35 / km2
Government Type Constitutional Monarchy
GDP (PPP) $66.37 Billion
GDP Per Capita $50,300
Currency Dinar (BHD)
Largest Cities
  • Manama (147,074)
  • Al Muharraq (97,458)
  • Ar Rifa' (79,550)
  • Dar Kulayb (65,466)
  • Madinat Hamad (52,718)
  • Madinat `Isa (38,090)
  • Sitrah (37,657)
  • Jidd Hafs (31,735)
3000s BC - 1800s AD
  • (3000s BC) Bahrain was one of the ancient world's major trading empires
  • (300s) Persia took control of Bahrain
  • (400s) Arabs took control of Bahrain
  • (1541) Portuguese gained control over Bahrain
  • (1602) Persia gained control of Bahrain
  • (1783) Local Arabs ended Persian domination
  • (1861) Bahrain became British protectorate
  • (1913) Britain and the Ottoman government signed a treaty that recognized the independence of Bahrain, the country remained under British administration
  • (1931) Oil discovered in Bahrain
  • (1961) Sheikh Isa Bin-Salman Al Khalifah became ruler of Bahrain
  • (1967) Britain moved its main regional naval base from Aden to Bahrain
  • (1971) Bahrain became fully independent from Britain
  • (1971) Bahrain and United States signed agreement to allow United States to rent naval and military facilities
  • (1972) Only Bahrain males over 20 years old allowed to vote in elections held for a constituent assembly
  • (1973) New constitution established a Bahrain national assembly
  • (1975) National assembly dissolved
  • (1981) Bahrain joined the cooperation council for the Arab States of the Gulf
  • (1981) 73 people were arrested for conspiring to overthrow the government
  • (1986) King Fahd causeway opened, linked Bahrain to the mainland of Saudi Arabia
  • (1991) Bahrain participated in coalition "Operation Desert Storm" against Iraq
  • (1991) Bahrain signed a defense cooperation agreement with United States, provided for port facilities and joint military exercises
  • (1992) 30-member consultative council established
  • (1995) Sheik Ali Salman deported, sought asylum in Bahrain
  • (1996) Consultative council members increased from 30 to 40
  • (1997) Bahrain acquired sole ownership of Bapco
  • (1998) Sheikh Khalid Bin-Muhammad Bin-Salman Al Khalifah replaced British citizen, Ian Henderson, as director of the security and intelligence service
  • (1998) Bahrain provided military facilities for "Operation Desert Fox", the U.S. and UK bombing campaign against Iraq
  • (1999) Emir Sheikh Isa, died; eldest son Sheikh Hamad succeeded him; Sheikh Hamad's son, Sheikh Salman, became Crown Prince
  • (2000) Non-Muslims and women appointed to the consultative council by the emir
  • (2001) Bahrainis backed proposals under which Bahrain would became constitutional monarchy
  • (2002) Bahrain became a constitutional monarchy
  • (2002) Bahrain's first poll in nearly 30 years was held
  • (2002) Women received right to stand as candidates
  • (2004) Nada Haffadh named health minister, first woman to head a government ministry
  • (2004) Bahrain and U. S. signed Free Trade Agreement
2000s continued
  • (2005) Heritage Foundation/Wall Street Journal ranked Bahrain as Arab World's freest economy
  • (2006) U. S. president George W. Bush signed a bill to enact the 2004 U. S.-Bahrain free trade agreement
  • (2006) Boat capsized off the Bahrain coast, claimed 58 passengers' lives
  • (2008) Houda Nonoo appointed as Bahrain's ambassador to the U. S.
  • (2010) Public prosecutors charged 23 people in sophisticated terrorist network for plotting government overthrow
  • (2011) Protesters gathered in Manama, security crackdown resulted in several deaths
  • (2011) Following further unrest, authorities declared martial law, Pearl Monument was destroyed
  • (2011) Dozens of doctors, nurses were accused of taking control of a hospital during anti-government protests, storing weapons, keeping people imprisoned
  • (2011) Government chose to ban two main political parties
  • (2012) Bahrain Formula 1 Grand Prix took place in spite of anti-government protests
  • (2012) Opposition activist, Abdulhadi al-Khawaja jailed for life for plotting against the state
  • (2012) Nabeel Rajab, rights activist, jailed for three years for taking part in illegal gatherings
  • (2012) Riot police and protesters clashed in Manama at funeral of Ali Ahmed Mushaima who died in prison after being sentenced for taking part in pro-democracy demonstrations
  • (2012) Government banned all protests and gatherings for an indefinite period
  • (2013) Crown Prince Salman bin Hamad bin Isa al-Khalifa, a moderate, was appointed as deputy prime minister
  • (2013) Shia opposition groups pulled out of talks with the government after leading member of Wefaq was arrested
  • (2014) Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain withdrew their ambassadors from Qatar because Doha had not implemented an agreement among Gulf Arab countries not to interfere in each others' internal affairs
  • (2014) Bomb explosion in village of Daih killed three policemen

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