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Cape Verde Geography

Cape Verde's Information

Flag of Cape Verde
Land Area 4,033 km2
Total Area 4,033km2 (#165)
Population 553,432 (#172)
Population Density 137.23/km2
Government Type Parliamentary Republic
GDP (PPP) $3.58 Billion
GDP Per Capita $6,700
Currency Escudo (CVE)
Largest Cities

The Cape Verde islands are hilly and mountainous (all volcanic in origin), and encircled by rugged cliffs and reefs.

The archipelago holds 10 islands and 8 islets covering a total area of 1,557 sq miles (4,033 sq km). The islands are divided into two groups: the windward islands and the leeward islands. Santiago is the archipelago's largest island, both in size and population.

Extensive salt flats cover Sal and Maio, while arid slopes transition into fields of sugarcane on Santiago, Santo Antao and Sao Nicolau.

Mt. Fogo on Fogo Island is an active volcano, and the highest point of Cape Verde at 9,281 ft. (2,829 m). Its most recent eruption was in 1995.

There are no significant rivers, and the lowest point of the islands is the Atlantic Ocean (0 m).

This page was last updated on July 10, 2020.

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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