Covering an area of 28,400 sq.km (11,000 sq mi), Solomon Islands are an archipelagic state comprising of a double chain of 992 volcanic islands and coral atolls in Melanesia, located in southwest Pacific Ocean. Extending about 900 miles (1,448km) in total length, the Solomon Islands are a wide-spread archipelago of mountainous, heavily forested volcanic islands (some active) and a few low-lying coral atolls.
Included in the mix are 6 major islands (marked on the map above) and approximately 1,000 smaller islands, all ending in the Santa Cruz Islands of the far southeast. The highest point in the Solomon Islands is Mount Popomanaseu located on Guadalcanal, which peaks at 7,578ft (2,310m). The lowest point is the Pacific Ocean (0m).
Solomon Islands is divided into 9 provinces and 1 capital city – Honiara. In alphabetical order, the 9 provinces are: Central, Choiseul, Guadalcanal, Isabel, Makira and Ulawa, Malaita, Renneu and Bellona, Temotu and Western.
Covering an area of 28,400 sq.km, Solomon Islands consists of 6 principal islands and approximately 1000 smaller islands. Located on the northwestern coast of Guadalcanal is, Honiara – the capital and the largest city of Solomon Islands.
Solomon Islands are an archipelagic state comprising of a double chain of 992 volcanic islands and coral atolls in Melanesia, located in southwest Pacific Ocean. It is geographically positioned in the Southern and Eastern hemispheres of the Earth. Solomon Islands is situated to the southeast of Papua New Guinea and to the northwest of Vanuatu.
Regional Maps: Map of
|Legal Name||Solomon Islands|
|9 26 S, 159 57 E|
|Independence||7 July 1978 (from the UK)|
|Total Area||28,896.00 km2|
|Land Area||27,986.00 km2|
|Water Area||910.00 km2|
|Total Border||0.0 km|
|Climate||Tropical monsoon; few temperature and weather extremes|
|Coordinates||8 00 S, 159 00 E|
|Mean Elevation||0 m|
|Lowest Elevation||0 m|
|Highest Elevation||2,335 m|
|Ethnic Groups||Melanesian 95.3%, Polynesian 3.1%, Micronesian 1.2%, other 0.3% (2009 est.)|
|Languages||Melanesian pidgin (in much of the country is lingua franca), English (official but spoken by only 1%-2% of the population), 120 indigenous languages|
|Religions||Protestant 73.4% (Church of Melanesia 31.9%, South Sea Evangelical 17.1%, Seventh Day Adventist 11.7%, United Church 10.1%, Christian Fellowship Church 2.5%), Roman Catholic 19.6%, other Christian 2.9%, other 4%, unspecified 0.1% (2009 est.)|
|Currency||Solomon Islands dollars (SBD)|
|GDP Per Capita||$2,127.54|
|Exports||Timber, fish, copra, palm oil, cocoa, coconut oil|
This page was last updated on November 23, 2020