São Tomé and Príncipe, one of the smallest African countries, is located on the Gulf of Guinea in the Atlantic Ocean. It has a total area of around 1,001 sq. km and a coastline of about 209 km. As observed in the physical map of the country, it has two major islands, São Tomé and Príncipe from where the name of the country is derived. These islands are separated by a distance of around 181.55 km and are surrounded by many smaller islands forming archipelagos. Some of the important smaller islands have been represented on the map. All these islands are part of an extinct volcanic mountain range.
São Tomé is the largest island of the country and is located just above the equator as visible on the map above. It is more mountainous than Príncipe. The highest peak here (Pico de São Tomé) is at 2,024 m which is also the highest point in the country.
The highest point on Príncipe is at 948 m.
At 0 m, the Atlantic Ocean is the lowest elevation in the country.
Both the islands have swift streams flowing down the mountains and through forests and agricultural lands to enter the sea.
Other smaller islands observed on the map are Tinhosa Islands, Illheu das Cabras, and Illheu das Rolas. Tinhosa Islands are part of UNESCO's Island of Príncipe Biosphere Reserve. Illheu das Cabras is a small island with two hills and a lighthouse to the northeast of São Tomé. Illheu das Rolas, located off the southern tip of São Tomé is also an uninhabited island.
São Tomé and Príncipe has six administrative districts. They are Água Grande, Cantagalo, Caué, Lembá, Lobata, and Mé-Zóchi. All of them are located on the island of São Tomé. The Príncipe island had only one district since 1980 called Pagué but in 1995, it was replaced by the Autonomous Region of Príncipe. With an area of 267 sq.km, Caué is the biggest district in the country but the least populous one. Covering only 16.5 sq.km, Água Grande is the country's smallest district but the most populated one. Its capital São Tomé is also the national capital.
The island country of Sao Tome and Principe is located in the Gulf of Guinea off Central Africa's western equatorial coast. As observed in the location map, the country straddles the equator with territories on both sides of the equator. In terms of its longitudinal location, it is in the Eastern Hemisphere. It has two main islands Sao Tome and Principe, each surrounded by numerous small islands to form two archipelagos.
Regional Maps: Map of Africa
|Legal Name||Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe|
|Capital City||Sao Tome|
|0 20 N, 6 44 E|
|Independence||12 July 1975 (from Portugal)|
|Total Area||964 km2|
|Land Area||964 km2|
|Water Area||0 km2|
|Total Border||0 km|
|Climate||Tropical; hot, humid; one rainy season (october to may)|
|Coordinates||1 00 N, 7 00 E|
|Mean Elevation||0 m|
|Lowest Elevation||0 m|
|Highest Elevation||2,024 m|
|Pico de Sao Tome|
|Ethnic Groups||mestico, angolares (descendants of Angolan slaves), forros (descendants of freed slaves), servicais (contract laborers from Angola, Mozambique, and Cabo Verde), tongas (children of servicais born on the islands), Europeans (primarily Portuguese), Asians (mostly Chinese)|
|Languages||Portuguese 98.4% (official), Forro 36.2%, Cabo Verdian 8.5%, French 6.8%, Angolar 6.6%, English 4.9%, Lunguie 1%, other (including sign language) 2.4% (2012 est.)|
|Religions||Catholic 55.7%, Adventist 4.1%, Assembly of God 3.4%, New Apostolic 2.9%, Mana 2.3%, Universal Kingdom of God 2%, Jehovah's Witness 1.2%, other 6.2%, none 21.2%, unspecified 1% (2012 est.)|
|GDP Per Capita||$1,994.91|
|Exports||Cocoa 68%, copra, coffee, palm oil (2010 est.)|
This page was last updated on September 14, 2020