The physical map above illustrates the country of Comoros which is volcanic in origin. The islands occupy an area of 2,034 sq. km.
As observed on the map, four main islands comprise the archipelago of Comoros. These islands are arranged along a northwest-southeast axis at the Mozambique Channel's northern end.
The Comoros islands evoke a rugged and windswept look. Broad sandy beaches with occasional groups of mangroves or coconut palms characterize the coastline here.
Grand Comore (Njazidja), the largest island, is an irregular plateau anchored by two volcanoes. The land rises to the island's highest point - the active crater of Mount Kartala, a large, gently sloping volcano in the shape of a flattened dome, built almost exclusively of lava flows. It is 2,361 m tall and has been marked on the map with an upright triangle. The capital of Comoros, Moroni, is also located on this island's west coast.
Anjouan (Nzwani,) the second-largest island is a similar lava plateau with three volcanic mountain chains. As observed on the map, it is triangular. The highest point here is the 1,580 m high Mount Ntingui.
Moheli (Mwali), the smallest of the four main islands, is largely a plateau with an average elevation of 300 m with the island ending in a ridge about 790 m above sea level. Dense forest covers the slopes of the hills on the island. The ancient lava flows eroded over time into a series of valleys, punctuated by small rivers (streams).
Mayotte, the oldest of the islands, has also dramatically eroded over time and is well-watered by a series of small streams.
The lowest point in Comoros is the Indian Ocean (0 m).
According to CIA World Factbook, Comoros can be divided into adminitrative divisions which are the 3 islands of Anjouan (Ndzuwani), Grande Comore (N'gazidja), Moheli (Moili) as marked on the map above. The national capital of Moroni is located in the Comore (N'gazidja) island.
The island country of Comoros is located in the Indian Ocean at the northern end of the Mozambique Channel. Considered to be part of Africa, it is located off the eastern coast of Africa. Comoros has maritime borders with Tanzania and Mozambique in mainland Africa to the northwest and west respectively. It also has maritime borders with the islands nations and territories of Madagascar and Mayotte to the southeast and Seychelles to the northeast. It is located in the Eastern and Southern Hemispheres of the Earth.
Regional Maps: Map of Africa
|Legal Name||Union of the Comoros|
|11 42 S, 43 14 E|
|Independence||6 July 1975 (from France)|
|Total Area||2,235 km2|
|Land Area||2,235 km2|
|Water Area||0 km2|
|Total Border||0 km|
|Climate||Tropical marine; rainy season (november to may)|
|Coordinates||12 10 S, 44 15 E|
|Mean Elevation||0 m|
|Lowest Elevation||0 m|
|Highest Elevation||2,360 m|
|Ethnic Groups||Antalote, Cafre, Makoa, Oimatsaha, Sakalava|
|Languages||Arabic (official), French (official), Shikomoro (official; a blend of Swahili and Arabic) (Comorian)|
|Religions||Sunni Muslim 98%, other (including Shia Muslim, Roman Catholic, Jehovah's Witness, Protestant) 2%|
|Currency||Comoran francs (KMF)|
|GDP Per Capita||$1,393.52|
|Exports||Vanilla, ylang-ylang (perfume essence), cloves|
This page was last updated on September 14, 2020