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Maps of Bahrain

Physical Map of Bahrain showing international boundaries, relief, highest point, important cities, islands etc.

Bahrain is an archipelagic nation with a total territory of around 780 sq. km in the Persian Gulf. The main island of Al Bahrayn accounts for about 78% of the country's territory. Many important petroleum fields of the Middle East surround this island. 33 additional islands are also part of the country.

As observed on the physical map of Bahrain above, nearly 92% of Bahrain is a desert with low-lying rocky and sandy plains. Coastal salt marshes are common in the central and southern reaches, and there are no significant rivers or lakes. The Persian Gulf is the lowest point of the country (0 m) and extensive coral reefs cover the northern part of the island.

Within the interior of Bahrain, there sits an escarpment named Jabal ad Dukham, and it is the highest point of the country, reaching 400 ft. (122 m). Its position has been marked on the map by a yellow upright triangle.

In addition to the various smaller islands within the archipelago, the remaining islands of Bahrain include Umm as Sabaan, Nabih Saleh, and Jidda Island. Freshwater springs and date palm groves dot the landscape of Nabih Saleh, while Jidda's rocky terrain plays host to a state prison converted into a holiday resort. The remaining uninhabited islands serve as nesting sites for migratory birds.

Governorates of Bahrain Map

Political Map of Bahrain showing 4 governorates, their capitals, and the national capital of Manama.

Bahrain (officially, The Kingdom of Bahrain) is divided into 4 governorates (muhafazat, sing. muhafazah). In alphabetical order, these governorates are: Asimah (capital), Janubiyah (southern), Muharraq and Shamaliyah (northern). 

With an area of 780 sq. km, Bahrain is the third-smallest nation in Asia. Located at the north-eastern edge of Bahrain Island in the Persian Gulf, is Manama – the capital and largest city of Bahrain. Manama is the country’s chief port and also an important economic and commercial center in the Middle East. 

Where is Bahrain?

Where is Bahrain?

Bahrain is an island nation in the Middle East. It is situated in the Northern and eastern hemispheres of the Earth. The archipelago consists of the main island Al Bahrayn and other small islands. Bahrain is located in the Persian Gulf, to the east of Saudi Arabia and to the north of Qatar. Bahrain shares its maritime borders with Iran, Qatar and Saudi Arabia. 

Regional Maps: Map of Asia

Outline Map of Bahrain

Blank Outline Map of Bahrain

The above outline map represents the country of Bahrain in the Middle East. It shows the main island of the country, Al Bahrayn (the largest island) and surrounding smaller islands. The map can be downloaded for free, printed, and used for coloring or educational purpose.

Outline Map of Bahrain

The above map represents the archipelagic Middle Eastern nation of Bahrain. 

Key Facts

Legal Name Kingdom of Bahrain
Capital City Manama
26 14 N, 50 34 E
Independence 15 August 1971 (from the UK)


Total Area 760 km2
Land Area 760 km2
Water Area 0 km2
Total Border 0 km
Coastline 161 km
Climate Arid; mild, pleasant winters; very hot, humid summers
Coordinates 26 00 N, 50 33 E
Mean Elevation 0 m
Lowest Elevation 0 m
Persian Gulf
Highest Elevation 135 m
Jabal ad Dukhan


Population 1,641,172
Largest City
  1. Al-Manamah (Manama) (634,508)
Ethnic Groups Bahraini 46%, Asian 45.5%, other Arab 4.7%, African 1.6%, European 1%, other 1.2% (includes Gulf Co-operative country nationals, North and South Americans, and Oceanians) (2010 est.)
Languages Arabic (official), English, Farsi, Urdu
Religions Muslim 73.7%, Christian 9.3%, Jewish 0.1%, other 16.9% (2017 est.)


Currency Bahraini dinars (BHD)
GDP $38.57 Billion
GDP Per Capita $23,503.98
Exports Petroleum and petroleum products, aluminum, textiles

This page was last updated on October 9, 2020

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