What Is Income Disparity?
Income disparity refers to the unequal difference in incomes among laborers in a particular economy. This term is sometimes known as income inequality. A number of factors influence disproportionate distribution of income, including: age, gender, location, and education. This article takes a look at income disparity between neighboring countries.
Features Of Income Disparity
The following information takes into account gross domestic product (GDP) per capita and does not consider other variants, such as the human development index. Not all of the countries with higher GDP per capita on this list are considered to have high income economies. Generally, the reason for differences in GDP per capita between bordering countries is that one is experiencing political instability, while the other is relatively stable with abundant natural resources.
Neighboring Countries With The Highest Income Disparity
The biggest difference in GDP per capita can be found between Hong Kong and China. In Hong Kong, the average annual salary per person is $49,800, which is in sharp contrast to the $8,500 of China. This equates to an average disparity of $41,300. In this case, Hong Kong is considered a high income economy and has industries based on financial services, business, shopping, and tourism. The economy of China, on the other hand, relies more on the sectors of agriculture and industry.
Other high income economies with striking income disparities when compared to neighboring countries include: Kuwait with a GDP per capita of $42,200 and its neighbor Iraq with a GDP per capita of $3,900, South Korea with a GDP per capita of $32,100 and North Korea with a GDP per capita of $1,800, and Spain with a $31,000 average annual income and Morocco with only $5,100. Israel is another high income economy with an average annual income per person of $31,400. This country has the following neighboring nations: Palestine ($2,900), Syria ($5,100), Jordan ($6,000), and Egypt ($6,600).
As previously mentioned, not all income disparities are between high and low income economies. For example, Equatorial Guinea has an average income of $19,600 compared to the $2,300 income of Cameroon. Both are low income countries, although Equatorial Guinea was considered high income from 2007 to 2014. Another similar example is found in Russia, which was a high income economy according to the World Bank between 2012 and 2014. It has a GDP per capita of $17,000, while its nearby neighbor North Korea has just $1,800.
These are just a few of the countries with the highest income disparities in the world. The chart below offers a more detailed look at the income disparity of 50 different neighboring countries.
Reducing Income Inequality
In recent years, the world has made significant progress toward reducing income inequality in an attempt to eliminate poverty. Least developed countries and small island and landlocked countries have not shared in these advances due to the complex challenges faced by their economies. While there is much to celebrate in having reduced income inequality between countries, the disparities between the rich and the poor continue to grow within many nations.