Denmark possesses few but valuable natural resources. It has a small quarrying and mining sector. The resources in existence in Denmark's underground include clay, gravel, oil, natural gas, limestone, and chalk. Danish companies, as well as global firms, are involved in the extraction of Denmark's natural resources.
Oil And Natural Gas
The discovery oil together with natural gas in the Danish territory of the North Sea was a huge relief for the country which had previously depended on imported petroleum. The local industry in collaboration with the state developed the oil and gas fields to commence major productions in 1984. By 1997, Denmark had achieved self-sufficiency in the two resources. The crude oil produced from the oil fields is estimated at 10 billion liters annually, which is enough since Denmark is a small State. Denmark can supply all the natural gas it requires, most of which is channeled towards heating homes and the production of heat and electricity. Esbjerg is the primary city for the oil and gas sector, and multiple firms such as ABB, COWI, and Maersk Oil have offshore-related operations in the city.
The term moler is a Danish word which refers to the unique diatomite only found in Denmark. Danish moler contains a high content of clay, and it is available in the northwestern region of Denmark. The clay content makes moler suitable for making insulation bricks. The moler's unique organic structure makes it ideal for the production of building bricks and insulation bricks for high-temperature industries. Few natural resources are similar to the Danish moler, and only the Russian diatomite comes remotely close in similarity.
Sand And Gravel
Denmark consumes vast quantities of gravel and sand in the construction of railways, buildings, roads, and numerous other structures. The nation has enormous amounts of the resources present in the sedimentary layers that were deposited in the Ice Age. The sand and gravel in Denmark not only meets its requirements but it is also exported to other Scandinavian nations and Germany.
Limestone, Chalk, And Clay
The extraction and use of clay and limestone have been carried out for centuries, and it continues in Denmark. There is a big quarry close to Fakse whose limestone deposits are extracted by Faxe Kalk. Clay and chalk are also in abundance in the country.
The salt exploited in Denmark currently is primarily used for health products. The island of Læsø was synonymous with salt production in the middle Ages. The final concentration, done in hundreds of salt kilns, used up large amounts of wood and it resulted in the extensive deforestation of the island prompting the ban of salt extraction. Today, the extraction is done on a small scale as a tourist attraction and an archaeological experiment.
Wind, Water, And Solar EnergyDenmark is one of the world's nations that are making significant strides in the addition of clean energy. In 2015, about 42% of the domestic electricity used in Denmark was wind generated. The country has been championing wind use, and it exports the Siemens and Vestas wind turbines. The country is also looking to solar and water energy to boost its use of green energy.