The Premier of the People's Republic of China is also referred to as the Prime Minister and serves as the leader of the central people's government of the state council of China. The premier is the head of the government, and the position is ranked as level 1, which is the highest position in the civil service. Previously before 1954, the position was known as the Premier of the Government Administration Council of the Central People's Government, which existed between 1949 and 1954. The president nominates the Premier and is approved by the national people's congress. The candidates are selected from the Communist Party of China. The country's premier and the president are both selected every five years, and the Premier can only serve for two terms while the president does not have such a limit. Traditionally, the premier has been a member of the politburo standing committee, which is a powerful committee in the Communist Party of China.
The official residence of the People's Republic of China's premier is located in Zhongnanhai, which also houses the office of the Paramount leader or the general secretary of the Communist Party of China. Zhongnanhai was previously the Imperial City in Beijing near the famous Forbidden City. Zhongnanhai also serves as the Communist Party of China's headquarters as well as the state Council or the central government. The name Zhongnanhai is closely associated with the central government and senior officials of the Communist Party. It has become a common metonym for the leadership of China. The country's leadership, including top officials of PRC and CPC, carry out their daily administrative dyties within Zhongnanhai.
In 1949, when the People's Republic of China was established, Zhongnanhai served as the center of the government. The government has constructed several structures within the compound. The early leaders of China who lived in the compound include Deng Xiaoping, Zhou Enlai, and Mao Zedong, among others. Since Zhongnanhai became part of the government property, it is no longer accessible to the public.