When Did Turkey Become A Country?

The seat of the Parliament of Turkey. Editorial credit: mdgn / Shutterstock.com.
The seat of the Parliament of Turkey. Editorial credit: mdgn / Shutterstock.com.

Brief Overview Of Turkey

Turkey is a transcontinental state in Eurasia. Turkey's borders are as follows; Black Sea to the north, Georgia to the north east, Iran, Armenia and Azerbaijan to the east, Mediterranean Sea, Iraq and Syria to the south, Aegean Sea to the west and Bulgaria and Greece to the north west. The capital city of turkey is Ankara while its largest city is Istanbul. About 80% of the Turkish population is ethnic Turks. The rest of the population form minority groups such as Arabs, Laz, Bosniaks, Albanians, and Circassians. Kurds form the largest ethnic minority group in Turkey.

History Of Anatolia

The history of Anatolia spans the early Medieval Period to the Age of Crusades until the final conquest of Anatolia by the Seljuk and Ottoman Empires. After the fall of the Hittites, Phrygia and Lydia were incorporated into the Achaemenid Persian Empire. As Persia grew in strength and wealth, Anatolia was split into satrapies ruled by satraps. Occasionally some of the satraps revolted but with no much result. In the earliest 5th century BC, the Ionian Revolt occurred as some of the Ionian cities under Persian rule revolted. Despite being easily suppressed, this revolt led one of the most crucial wars in European history, the Greco-Persian Wars. The Achaemenid Persian rule was taken over by Greek under alexander the great. When alexander died his conquests were divided among his generals. Anatolia was part of the Seleucid Empire. This Empire was involved in a fatal war with Rome leading to the battles of Magnesia and Thermopylae. The Seleucids retreated from Anatolia as their lands in Anatolia were granted to Rome’s allies, The Republic of Rhodes and the Kingdom of Pergamum.

History Of Thrace

In the late 6th century BC, Thracians were conquered by Darius the Great. Following Mardonious’ campaign during the First Persian invasion of Greece, Thracians were re-subjugated into the empire in 492 BC. The Thracian territory was later united with the Odrysian kingdom.During the 5th century BC, Thracians had grown in large groups and tribes. Thrace was split into the central, east and west camps prior to the expansion of the Macedon kingdom following defeat of the Persians.

The Seljuk and Ottoman Empire claimed sovereignty over eastern Anatolia in the centuries that followed.

When Did Turkey Become A Country?

Turkey became a country on April 23, 1920. On this day, the Turkish Grand National Assembly held its first gathering, during Turkey’s War of Independence (1919-1923). Mustafa Kemal who was the military commander at the time led the Turkish war to independence with the aim of revoking the terms of the Treaty of Sevres. All occupying armies were expelled by September 18, 1922. The sultanate was abolished by the newly formed government on November 1, 1922, putting an end to the Ottoman rule. On July 24, 1923, the Treaty of Lausanne resulted in the acknowledgement of the Republic Of Turkey as a successor of the Ottoman Empire. The republic was officially declared on October 29, 1923, in the new capital of Ankara.


More in World Facts