Conakry is the largest metropolitan and the capital city of the independent state of Guinea. It is located on the coast of Guinea in the Atlantic Ocean and it contains essential ports. The city is the significant economic, financial and cultural zone of the state. As of 2014, the town had a population of 1,660,973, according to the census commission of Guinea.
History of the Capital
Conakry was initially situated on Tombo Island. As the city grew, it expanded into the neighboring Kaloum Peninsula. Conakry city extends 22 miles in length and is 19,690 feet wide. The town was founded after the British ceded the island to the French. In 1904, Conakry became a French city in the territory of French Guinea, and it was an economic and financial zone because of the railway connection to the ports of Conakry, which were used as the export and import zones. The major export from the territory was groundnuts. In 1970, there was an outbreak of fighting between Portuguese forces and the African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde (PAIGC) whereby the Portuguese troops invaded PAIGC territory to rescue their soldiers who were being held as prisoners of war. In 2009, the Guineas military forces for protesting along the city streets killed 157 people.
Government and Administration
Conakry has a single region with a very stable management and administration. The city has five municipalities of which its leadership is centralized. The municipal governments include Kaloum, which is the city center, Dixinn, which holds the University of Conakry and other vital embassies and substructures, Ratoma, which is an entertainment region of the city and well known for its nightlife, Matoto, which contain the Conakry airport, and Matam. The five urban communes add up to the Conakry region and one of the eight parts of the state of Guinea.
Economy of the Capital
Most critical aspects of the economy of Guinea are located in Conakry city, including communication, transportation, and administration. The city economy is primarily situated along the ports, which are the central income area of the town. Products manufactured in the city are exported through the Conakry terminal. The most crucial transportation facility in Conakry is the Conakry International Airport, which operates within the city in Guinea and internationally to Europe.
Climate of Conakry
According to the Koppen climate classification, the Conakry city exhibits the tropical monsoon climate. Therefore, the area experiences both the dry and wet seasons. The dry season, which affects most parts of West Africa, is influenced by the Harmattan winds from April to December every year. The region has a significant volume of precipitation during the wet period, an average of 1,100 mm in July and August. In addition, the city experiences an average of 3,800 mm of rainfall per year.
There have been many setbacks in the city since early 2002, including water shortages and electric power problems. According to the government of Guinea, this question arises because of the devastating drought of February 2001, although according to the critics of the state the city problems were due to mismanagement of funds by the government in power during that time.