The Capital Of Croatia
Located in the northwest of the country along the Sava River, Zagreb is the capital and the largest city of Croatia. Zagreb is the youngest capital in Europe with a population of more than one million people. It is a cultural center that combines the old cultures with the present ones making it a vibrant city and the 18th most popular tourist destination in the world.
Location Of Croatia
Croatia is a Mediterranean country located in south-eastern and central Europe. The country borders Slovenia to the northwest, Hungary to the northeast, Serbia to the east, Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina to the southeast and the Adriatic Sea to the southwest making it the country with the largest coastline in Europe. The country covers an area of 56,594 square km and its size is slightly smaller than the state of West Virginia.
The Government Of Croatia
The Republic of Croatia has a unitary parliamentary system. After the fall of the ruling Communist Party of Yugoslavia, Croatia had its first multi-party election after which the current constitution was adopted in 1990. Initially, the country was run through a semi-presidential system until 2000 when a parliamentary system was adopted. The government is divided into the legislature, executive, and judiciary and the president is the head of state. The president is allowed to rule for a maximum of two five-year terms. The government is led by the prime minister who is elected by the president through the consent of parliament. The government headquarters are in Zagreb which is the Croatian capital.
What Is The Capital Of Croatia?
Zagreb is the largest city in Croatia with the highest population due to immigration. Zagreb extends to about 19 miles east to west, and about 12 miles north to south. The city is located in the northwest region of the country on the slopes of the Medvednica Mountain along the Sava River. Zagreb is a major administrative division in Croatia as it has been divided into seventeen administrative units. The city is also divided into 70 settlement zones with 218 local committees. Zagreb is the seat of the central government, administrative bodies, and a majority of the government ministries.
What Is The Capital Of Croatia And Where Is It Located?
The history of Zagreb dates back to the time between the first and fifth century when the oldest settlement was established. Zagreb was a Roman town. The name Zagreb can be traced to 1094 when the city served mainly as home to the Zagreb cathedral as well as some merchants. The city had been divided into two city centers (Kaptol and Gradec) which merged in 1851. During the Yugoslavian rule, Zagreb served as a major economic center and was later declared the capital of Croatia after the declaration of independence of Croatia from Yugoslavia. During the 16-18th century, Zagreb served as the seat of the Ban of Croatia representing Croatia, Slavonia, and Dalmatia. The city was developed during the 20th centuries with roads, railways, and waterways being created thus opening up the city. Many industries were set up making the city a major economic center for Croatia.
Present-Day Role Of The City As The Capital Of Croatia
Today, Zagreb serves some functions from political to economic. The city is the capital and administrative city of Croatia which are its core functions. Besides administrative duties, Croatia acts as an educational center due to its large number of learning institutions including 136 primary schools, 100 secondary schools and five public institutions of higher learning. The museums, archaeological center and the Croatian museum of naïve art make the city an important historical center. Zagreb is an important economic center, as well with some industries including electrical machines, pharmaceutical, textile, food processing, and many local and international industries.
About the Author
Benjamin Elisha Sawe holds a Bachelor of Arts in Economics and Statistics and an MBA in Strategic Management. He is a frequent World Atlas contributor.
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