A Brief History Of Jordan
The small, semi-arid Western Asian Arab state of Jordan is located on the Jordan River’s eastern bank. The region that is now Jordan was the seat of many ancient civilizations. People have inhabited the area since the Palaeolithic Age. Later, several kingdoms ruled in the region including the Roman Empire and the Ottoman Empire. The latter ruled the area until the First World War. During the war, the Ottomans were overthrown from power in 1916 following the Great Arab Revolt. The empire, including Jordan, was then divided between the two European powers of France and Britain. The foundations of the modern-day Jordan were first laid in 1921 when the Emirate of Transjordan was established as a British protectorate. Abdullah I of the Hashemite dynasty, the current ruling dynasty in the country, became the first Emir of this emirate. In 1946, Jordan attained freedom from all form of foreign rule. For several years after independence, the Hashemite Kingdom of Transjordan fought battles with Israel to control the West Bank. During this time, the country was renamed as the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. In 1994, Jordan signed a peace treaty with Israel that brought an end to the hostility between the two nations. Today, Jordan is a constitutional monarchy where the king holds significant power.
History And Design Of The Flag Of Jordan
The flag of Jordan was adopted formally on April 18, 1928. The flag is a tricolor of three horizontal bands. The colors from the upper to the lower end of the flag are black, white, and green. A red chevron with its base on the hoist side of the flag contains a white star with seven points.
Meaning Of The Colors And Symbols Of Jordan’s National Flag
Every detail of the flag of the country is associated with a specific meaning. The design of the flag is based on the flag used by the revolutionaries during the Arab Revolt against the Ottoman Empire during the First World War. The three colors used in the flag are the Pan-Arab colors. Here, black represents the Abbasid, white represents the Umayyad, and green symbolizes the Fatimid caliphates. The current ruling dynasty of the Jordan, the Hashemite dynasty, is represented by the red chevron. The star at the center of the chevron epitomizes the unity of the Arab people. The star’s seven points stand for the seven hills that formed the capital city of Amman.