World Facts

What Do The Colors And Symbols Of The Flag Of Slovakia Mean?

The current version of the national flag of Slovakia was adopted on September 3, 1992.

Slovakia is a country in Central Europe where it is bordered by Ukraine, Poland, Hungary, Austria, and the Czech Republic. Slovakia was occupied by the Slavs in the 5th and 6th centuries. In the following century, the Samo's Empire was established. In the 10th century, the area that is now part of modern-day Slovakia came under the control of the Kingdom of Hungary. Following the First World War, Czechoslovakia was established by the Czechs and the Slovaks. This was possible with the dissolution of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Czechoslovakia existed rom 1918 to 1939. During World War II, a Slovak Republic existed between 1939 and 1945. It served as Nazi Germany’s client state. However, Czechoslovakia was again established after Germany’s defeat in the war. Finally, the Velvet Revolution brought an end to the Communist era in Czechoslovakia. It was once more dissolved and the independent state of Slovakia was established on January 1, 1993.

History Of The Flag Of Slovakia

Previously, other flags similar in design to the present day flag were in use in Slovakia. The first such flag was used in 1848 during a revolution in the Habsburg region. Similar flags were also used in Czechoslovakia and during World War II. These flags used the same colors as the current day flag of Slovakia but had a different coat of arms or were plain tricolors. The current version of the national flag of Slovakia was adopted on September 3, 1992.

Design Of Slovakia’s National Flag

The flag of Slovakia is quite similar in appearance to the flags of Slovenia and Russia. It is a tricolor with three horizontal bands of white, blue, and red in order from top to bottom of the flag. The Coat of Arms of Slovakia is present towards the hoist-side where it starts from the edge of the white band to continue through the blue band and extend into the upper portion of the red band. The coat of arms is in the shape of an inverted shield. It is red in color and features a white double cross that stands on the middle peak of a mountain with three peaks. The mountain is colored blue. The crosses have amplified extremities and concave ends.

The Coat Of Arms In Slovakia’s Flag

The double cross of the Coat of Arms symbolizes Christianity. The three peaks represent the Tatra, Fatra, and Matra mountain ranges. According to some scholars, the double cross also signifies that Slovakia is an heir as well as the guardian of Christianity. The double cross symbol actually originated in the Byzantine Empire and its true meaning is yet to be elucidated. According to some, the two crosses represent the death and the resurrection of Christ. As per others, they represent the secular and the ecclesiastic powers of the emperors of the Byzantine Empire.

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