World Facts

What Do the Colors and Symbols of the Flag of Panama Mean?

The national flag of Panama was adopted on March 25, 1925.

The Flag of Panama

The flag of Panama consists of four rectangular sections equal in size. The top left and bottom right quadrants are white in color, while he top right quadrant is red and the bottom left quadrant is blue in color. A 5-pointed blue star is located in the upper left corner and a 5-pointed red star is located in the lower right corner. The design, known as the Bandera of Panama in the Spanish language, was officially adopted on March 25, 1925. The current design is based on the original design of Panama's flag, which was created by MarĂ­a de la Ossa de Amador in 1903. De la Ossa later served as the First Lady of Panama between 1904 and 1908. Today, she is often referred to as the "Mother of the Nation." Flag Day in Panama is celebrated on November 4th, which is the day after Panama declared its independence from Colombia.

Symbolism of the Flag of Panama

Although the design of Panama's flag was created in 1925, its description was not officially recorded until 1949 by Law 15. The red, white, and blue design of the flag has a significant meaning to the residents of Panama, as it is claimed to represent the political environment of Panama during the 1920s. During this period, two principal political parties, the Liberals and the Conservatives, had control of politics and the government, and the red color is meant to represent the Liberal Party, while the blue color is meant to represent the Conservative Party. The blue star in the upper left corner symbolizes the honesty experienced throughout life in Panama, and the red star in the bottom right corner symbolizes the respect for laws and regulation held by the people of Panama. Finally, the white color is believed to represent purity and peace.

Variations of the Flag of Panama

Prior to the country's independence, Panama was a colony of Spain until the early 19th century, and then became a department of Colombia. During these two periods in the country's history, Panama was represented by the Spanish flag and the Colombian flag. Panama's first flag of independence was nearly identical to the current flag. The design of the first flag had a blue and red rectangle located at the top of the flag and the bottom half was white. As political parties formed post-independence, blue was chosen to represent the Conservative Party. As a result, the blue color was moved to the bottom left corner.

The first flag design was submitted by Madame Bunau-Varilla. Her design was modeled after the design of the US flag and included the colors of the Spanish and Colombian flags. It had 13 horizontal stripes and a blue rectangle in the top left corner, like the US flag. The stripes, however, were red and yellow in color, like the Colombian and Spanish flags of the time. Madame Bunau-Varilla's design included two yellow suns in the blue field, which were connected by a horizontal yellow bar. The suns represented North and South America, while the connecting bar represented Panama between the two continents. However, given its similarity to the US flag, the design was not accepted.

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