What Do The Colors And Symbols Of The Flag Of North Korea Mean?

By Oishimaya Sen Nag on July 9 2018 in World Facts

The official flag of North Korea.

North Korea is a country in East Asia. It constitutes the Korean Peninsula’s northern portion. The Korea Peninsula was annexed by the forces of Imperial Japan in 1910. After the end of the war in 1945, the peninsula was divided into the Soviet Union ruled northern part and the US governed southern part. After several attempts at reunifying the land and the people of Korea, two separate independent countries were born, called the northern Democratic People's Republic of Korea and the southern Republic of Korea. The two countries took part in a bitter war between 1950 and 1953 after North Korea invaded its southern neighbor. Although a ceasefire was drawn, a peace treaty was never signed by the two nations. Today, North Korea claims to be a self-reliant socialist nation. However, the people of the country suffer from high rates of poverty and unemployment. Human rights violations in North Korea are also commonplace.

The History Of The Flag Of North Korea

The Korean Peninsula was under the rule of the Korean Empire from the late 19th to the early 20th century. During the monarchial rule in the region, the flag used was known as the Taegukgi. It featured four trigrams surrounding a yin-yang symbol. This flag was used in Korea until the Japanese came to power in 1910. Following the split of Korea into two zones, the newly formed Democratic People's Republic of Korea or North Korea re-adopted the Taegukgi. However, there was a lot of debate in the country regarding the use of the Taegukgi as the new flag since its design was based on concepts of Chinese philosophy which became unacceptable to the Soviets. After great debate and controversy, a new flag was designed and adopted on July 10, 1948. It began to be officially used from September 8, 1948.

Design Of The Flag Of North Korea

The flag of North Korea features three colors, red, white, and blue. There is a wide, red band at the center of the flag. Narrow white bands border the red colored central band both above and below. Each of these white bands is then followed by a wider blue band which is narrower than the red one. The central red band has a five-pointed red star in the middle of the white circle. The circle with the star is closer to the hoist side of the flag.

Meaning Of Colors And Symbols Of The Flag Of North Korea

The Constitution of North Korea clearly defines the national flag of the country in its article 170. The red star of the flag symbolizes communism and socialism. However, since the philosophy of Juche has largely replaced communism in the country, the red start if now believed to represent the country’s revolutionary attitude. The red stripe in the middle is believed to represent the people’s courage, determination, and love for their country. While the blue color symbolizes unity, the white represents the unified Korean race.

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