Ukraine is a Western European country that borders Poland, Slovakia, Russia, Belarus, Moldova, Hungary, and Romania. Ukraine is also bordered by the Sea of Azov and Black Sea and is home to over 45 million people. Ukraine's landscape mostly consists of fertile plateau and steppes crossed by rivers and also have diverse geographical features ranging from highlands to lowlands. Ukraine has different national parks that were created to protect the biodiversity of the country. These protected areas help conserve the varied ecosystem and the rich biodiversity housed in Ukraine
Top National Parks In Ukraine
Carpathian National Nature Park
Established on June 3rd, 1980 is Carpathian National Nature Park whose primary goal was to protect the Carpathian Mountains landscape. Carpathian National Nature Park is the biggest park in Ukraine. The landscape of the park consists of Alpine meadows and forests. Spruce, silver fir, and the European beech are the Park's most common tree species. The park also has the highest single drop waterfall in Ukraine's Carpathians with a height of 276 feet. The Park's original inhabitants were the hutsuls it also has some architecture and historical monuments including wooden buildings. The park is actively used for tourism and has 48 functioning trails. Carpathian National Nature Park covers an area of 199 square miles.
Holosiivskyi National Nature Park
Located on the Kiev hills, in the province of Dniester-Dnieper forest-steppe is Holosiivskyi National Nature Park. The Park's landscape includes a significant biodiverse land, lakes, and wetlands. There are also great cultural, ethnographic, and historical monuments which are an important aspect of the scientific research, monitoring, and conservation of the park. The Park's flora include 118 species of Moss, 650 species of vascular plants and more than 60 species of fungi while its fauna includes 181 species of vertebrates and 190 species of insects. Holosiivskyi National Nature Park's main attractions are the Holy Protection Monastery and the Holy Trinity Monastery. The park covers an area of 17 square miles.
Podilski Tovtry National Nature Park
Located in the districts of Horodok, Kamianets-Podilskyi and the Chemerivtsi Raions in the province of Khmelnytskyi Oblast of the western Ukraine region is the Podilski Tovtry National Nature Park. The park was established on July 27th, 1996 by then President of Ukraine Leonid Kuchma for purposes of maintaining and protecting the natural landscape of the area. There are 1700 types of flora and 217 different kinds of fauna with over 13% accumulative farm forest and 14% of state forest fund. Podilski Tovtry National Nature Park is the biggest nature reserve in Ukraine covering an area of 1,009 square miles.
Shatsky National Natural Park
Located on the Shatsk region territory of the northwest part of Volyn Oblast is Shatsky National Natural Park founded in 1983. The park was built for purposes of reconstitution and preservation for the use of educational, recreational, aesthetic, and environmental value. The park is home to Shats'k Lake group which is the biggest group of freshwater lakes in Europe. Flora and fauna of Shatsky National Natural Park consist of 1180 plant species and 332 species of a vertebrate with many rare species of plants and animals. Shatsky National Natural Park covers an area of 190 square miles.
Other Protected Areas Of Ukraine
Ukraine has various protected areas in different parts of the country. The main aim of these particular areas in Ukraine is to protect the nature reserves and natural and cultural heritage of the country from dangers mainly caused by human activity. The government of Ukraine is solely responsible for protecting these areas especially the Cabinet Ministers of the country.