1. Mount Elbrus
Standing 5,642 meters (18,510 feet) tall, Mount Elbrus is the tallest mountain in Russia and also the tallest mountain in all of Europe. The Elbrus mountain is an inactive volcano and is also one of the Seven Summits of the world (the tallest mountains on each of the world's seven continents). It is located in the Caucasus Mountain Range in the Kabardino-Balkaria and Karachay-Cherkessia federal subjects of Russia. The mountain has twenty-two different glaciers in its permanent ice cap. It has also been part of the Prielbrusye National Park since 1986.
The Mount Elbrus has two summits, the lower of which was first climbed by Khillar Khachirov in July 1829 when he was guiding a scientific expedition for the Imperial Russian army. The tallest summit was ascended in 1874 during an English-led expedition, led by Florence Crauford Grove (1838-1902), Horace Walker (1838-1908), Frederick Gardner, Swissman Peter Knubel (1832-1919) and their guide Ahiya Sottaiev.
Standing at 5,204 meters (17,073 feet), Dykh-Tau is the second tallest mountain in Russia. Dykh-Tau is located in the Caucasus Mountains and the Kabardino-Balkaria, a federal subject of Russia. The mountain is near the border with Georgia, and the Bezingi Wall of the Shkhara mountain in Georgia can be seen from it. The mountain is also considered one of the world's Seven Second Summits and is considered an ultra peak. The Dykh-Tau mountain was first climbed in 1888 by Englishman Albert F. Mummery (1855-95) and H. Zarfluh.
Standing 5,108 meters (16,758 feet) tall Pushkin, also known as Pushkin Peak is the third tallest mountain in Russia. Pushkin straddles the border between Georgia and Russia. The Pushkin Peak is located in the mountain massif of Dykh-Tau in the Bezengi Region in the central area of the Caucasus Mountain Range. The Pushkin Peak was first summitted in 1961 by a Russian team from the Spartak club led by B. Kletsko.
Standing 5,033 meters (16,512 feet) tall Mount Kazbek is the fourth tallest mountain in Russia. Kazbek is located in the Khokh Mountain Range, which is part of the Greater Caucasus Mountain Range and is right on the border between the Kazbegi Municipality of Georgia and the Russian republic of North Ossetia-Alania. The mountain is a dominant volcano with an active geothermal system that encompasses the area around the mountain and produces hot springs. The mountain has some small glaciers around it, the most notable of which is the 5.5 km (3 miles) long Dyevdorak glacier. The mountain is associated with the Georgian hero Amirani from a classical Georgian epic, as well as the site of a Christian Orthodox religious retreat in the Betlemi cave. Mount Kazbek was first ascended by three members of the London-based Alpine Club, Englishman Douglas Freshfield (1845-1934), A.W. Moore (1841-87) and C. Tucker as well as their guide Frenchman Francois Devouassoud (1831-1905).
5. Shota Rustaveli
Standing 4,859 meters (15,941 feet) tall Shota Rustaveli, officially called Shota Rustaveli Peak, is the sixth tallest mountain in Russia.The mountain is part of the Greater Caucasus Mountain Range and has glaciated slopes, as well as valleys in the surrounding area that have some glaciers. Despite the mountain being named after Shota Rustaveli, a famous Georgian poet, the mountain is claimed by both countries as it extends its border into the Karbardino-Balkaria federal subject of Russia and the Svaneti province of Georgia.
Standing 4,780 meters (15,682 feet) tall, Jiamra, also known as Mount Dzhimara, is the seventh tallest mountain in Russia. The mountain is located on the Khokh Mountain Range, which is part of the Greater Caucasus Mountain Range. Jimara is located in the Russian republic of North Ossetia-Alania, although it is located right on the border that Russia shares with Georgia.
Standing 4,646 meters (15,242 feet) tall, Uilpata is the eighth tallest mountain in Russia. The Uilpata mountain is located in the Caucasus Mountain Range in the North Ossetia-Alania federal subject of Russia by the city of Verkhniy Tsey. Not much is known about this mountain, and it has never been summited before.
8. Gora Shaukhokh
With a height of 4,636 meters (15,209 feet), Gora Shaukhokh is the ninth tallest mountain in Russia. The Gora Shaukhokh mountain is located in the Caucasus Mountain Range in the North Ossetia-Alania federal subject of Russia. Not much is known about this mountain, and it has never been summited before.
The Kukurtli-Kolbashi is the tenth tallest mountain in Russia. The Kukurtli-Kolbashi mountains are located in the Caucasus Mountain Range and the Karachay-Cherkess Republic of Russia. Not much is known about this mountain, and it has never been summited before.