Major Religions in the Republic of Ireland

A Catholic church in Ireland.
A Catholic church in Ireland.

The largest religion in Ireland is Christianity based on the number of baptisms. According to the Constitution of Ireland, the state is not allowed to endorse any specific religion as it guarantees freedom of religion. Initially, the Constitution of Ireland of 1937 granted the Roman Catholic Church a "special position" as it was the denomination with the majority of followers. However, in 1972 this special position was removed.

Overview Of Religion In Ireland

Christianity in Ireland dates back to the 5th century and it is thought to have emerged through the interaction with the Roman Britain. The earliest form of Christian worship is estimated to have reached the pagan Ireland in 400CE. Monasteries started to emerge in the 6th century which became the centers of excellence for people from all Europe

Roman Catholicism In Ireland

The Catholic Church in Ireland, as with many Catholic churches, belongs to worldwide Catholic Church that is under the pope's spiritual leadership in Rome. Roman Catholicism is the predominant religion in Ireland and the largest Christian denomination with a population of 78.8%. The population of Catholics in Ireland is about 4.7 million

Non-religious Population Of Ireland

According to a poll carried out in 2006 by Dentsu, approximately 10.1% of Ireland's population had no religion. In 2003, another statistic by Greeley concluded that 5% of the population in Ireland did not believe in the existence of God while 2% identified as an atheist.

Protestantism In Ireland

Protestants constitute another Christian denomination that is not Roman Catholic. Protestantism is a minority Christian faith in Ireland.

Other Religions Practiced In Ireland

Other religions include Buddhism which accounts for about 0.19% of the population. Buddhism in the country has also seen an increase in syncretism with another form of religions using Buddhist techniques for meditation. According to a census report done in 2011, Hinduism in Ireland had increased with more than triple the number it was in 2009 while Judaism population accounts for about 1,984 followers. New age religious movements are also becoming popular in Ireland mostly as a form syncretism for people belonging to an establish religion. There are also some Neo-paganism movements active in the country which mostly consists of Neo-Druidry, Wicca and Celtic Polytheism.

The Religious Composition Of Ireland

Rank´╗┐ReligionPopulation (Percentage)
1Catholic Church78.8
3Not Specified4.8
4Church of Ireland2.6
5Orthodox Christianity1.3
7Presbyterian 0.5
8Apostolic or Pentacostal0.3

More in Society