Climate is the general weather condition in an area over a period of time. The climate of an area is determined by the altitude and latitude of the location and wind currents from the bodies of water nearby. Climate can be classified as dry, tropical, polar, mild mid-latitude and cold mid-latitude. The countries with tropical or dry climates are found to be the hottest.
The Hottest Capital Cities In The World
Khartoum, Sudan - 29.9 Degrees Celsius
The climate in Khartoum is very hot, an understandable fact considering the city is located in a semi-desert climate. Its yearly average is 29.9 degrees Celsius (85.82 Fahrenheit). Rain in the city is sparse and mostly falls between July and September. The hottest months in Khartoum are April, May, and June, where average temperates are over 40 degrees Celsius (104 Fahrenheit). Not only is the Sudanese capital one of the hottest capital cities in the world, but it is also one of the hottest major cities anywhere.
Djibouti City, Djibouti - 29.8 Degrees Celsius
Djibouti City is a capital named for the country in which it is found. With over half a million inhabitants, the population of the city represents more than half of Djibouti's population as a whole. Residents of this city experience a very hot climate, with an average yearly temperature of 29.8 degrees Celsius. The city sees just over 150 ml (5 oz) of precipitation in an entire year. The sun shines almost every single day in Djibouti.
Niamey, Niger - 29 Degrees Celsius
Niamey, the capital city of Niger, has an average yearly temperature of 29 degrees Celsius (84 Fahrenheit). The city has a population of 1.2 million people in the metropolitan area and a very hot climate. Most of the rain that falls in Niamey occurs in scattered thundershowers in the spring. Outside of these incidences, the city stays true to its semi-arid climate and receives virtually no rainfall.
Bangkok, Thailand - 28.6 Degrees Celsius
The capital, as well as largest city, of Thailand also happens to be one of the world's warmest. Unlike other cities on this list, which are for the most part located in dry climates, Bangkok experiences a tropical savanna climate. Even in the city's coolest month, December, temperatures rarely dip below 20 degrees Celsius (68 Fahrenheit). The rainy season occurs in the summertime and lasts until fall, and most days in Bangkok have temperatures that are well above 30 degrees Celsius (86 Fahrenheit).
Climate In The Future
Climate change is causing the weather around the world to become more extreme, which is causing global warming as well as more destructive storms and hurricanes. Some expected effects of climate change will be higher land temperatures, the growth of deserts and an increase in sea levels due to the melting of the ice and glaciers in the Arctic. Extreme weather will become even more severe. Since 1981, the average rate of increase is 0.18 degrees Celsius (0.32 Fahrenheit) per decade. If global average temperatures reach 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels, glaciers and rivers will start to disappear, mountainous regions will experience more landslides, endangering nearby populations, ecosystems will collapse, sea levels could rise to a point where island countries such as the Maldives would be completely submerged, and a third of the planet would have no direct access to freshwater.