The Democratic Party is known as the oldest party formed in the United States of America, and is one out of the two major political parties existing in the American political system. The Democratic Party in the past times had a philosophy of classical liberalism, but with the arrival of the 20th Century, it increasingly began supporting the philosophy of modern liberalism. The Democratic Party advocates for the establishment of a welfare state in the U.S., and economic and social equality. Most of the interventions provided in the economy are support for labor unions, consumer protection, universal health care, introduction of social programs and environmental protection. To the present date, 15 democratic Presidents have served in the office, out of which first was Andrew Jackson from the year 1829 to 1837, and the current is Barack Obama who has been in the same office since 2009. As of 2016, the Democratic Party holds a minority of seats in the Senate and the House of Representatives, and 18 governorships.
4. Organizational History
The Democratic Party is an oldest political party across the globe and its roots were traced back to the year 1792. The prolonged public dominance of the Democratic Party ushered with Thomas Jefferson being elected to the office in the year 1804. The official name of the Democratic Party came into existence in the year 1844. Firstly, it was known as the Democratic-Republican Party but in the year 1860, it was split over the selection of the next Presidential candidate after the President James Buchanan. As the Great Depression came in the year 1929 under the Presidential tenure of Herbert Hoover from the Republican Party, the Democratic Party ruled the House of Representatives. They also won the elections until the year 1968 and many more candidates that are from Democratic Party won the election until 21st Century, and Barack Obama is the present U.S. Head of State, elected in 2008 and thereafter reelected to the office in 2012 as well.
The Democratic Party supports the ideology like increasing of overall tax income by levying taxes on the higher income brackets, expanding the area of spending on the government programs, universal healthcare, and limited rights to abortions. The other areas in which they are contributing is in energy sector where they support the expansion of environment-friendly energy sources, promotion of a secular nation, and maintaining or lowering of taxes on the lower- and middle-income groups while raising them on corporations and the very wealthy.
2. Opposition and Criticism
The people as well as the opposition parties oppose various policies that are framed by the Democrats only for the certain class of people. In the case of taxation policy, the tax burden is shifted on the wealthy Americans, opposed for not being patriotic as they showed ambivalent behavior towards terrorism. There is a line of disturbance between the environmentalists and the labor unions affiliated with the automobile industry, as the jobs of labors are in danger because of higher costs and increase in regulations to save the environment, and many more activities are being criticized as well.
1. Modern Significance and Legacy
The Democratic Party is doing an important work for the upheaval of the American people by working for the middle classes, reduction of the deficit, Wall Street Reform, and affirming that the present government should be accountable and transparent. Other reforms have concentrated upon the moving the America forward in virtually every socioeconomic sphere.